Essay on Sadbhavana Diwas

Sadbhavana Diwas is celebrated on 20th August in India. It is also called harmony day and is observed on the birth anniversary of Mr. Rajiv Gandhi, the 6th Prime Minister of India. It commemorates the efforts of Rajiv Gandhi for harmony and peace. Have a look at these essays to have much information about this event.

Short and Long Essay on Sadbhavana Diwas in English

Here I’m presenting short and long essays on Sadbhavana Diwas in different word limits of 120 words, 250 words, 400 words and 600 words that is really useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and class 12. So let’s tart reading:

Sadbhavana Diwas Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Every year India observes the 20th of August as Sadbhavana Diwas.

2) Sadbhavana Diwas is also called the Communal Harmony Day.

3) This day marks the birth anniversary of Mr. Rajiv Gandhi.

4) Rajiv Gandhi was a member of the Congress party and also served as the 6th Prime Minister of India.

5) The day commemorates the efforts of Rajiv Gandhi in bringing harmony and peace to society.

6) This day promotes national integration in the country.

7) The Congress party celebrates this day with great zeal and enthusiasm.

8) Many events are organized on this day by political parties.

9) A grant event is arranged at Veer Bhoomi, New Delhi where Rajiv Gandhi was cremated.

10) On this day, National Sadbhavana Award is also given by the Congress party to encourage communal harmony.

Essay 1 (250 Words) – Sadbhavana Diwas and Rajiv Gandhi


Sadbhavana Diwas or the harmony day is celebrated by the people of India on 20th August, on the birth anniversary of the 6th Prime Minister of India and a member of the Indian National Congress, Mr. Rajiv Gandhi.

Special Day for the Congress Party

The cadre of Indian National Congress be it at the ground level or national level, observe Sadbhavana Diwas with zeal and enthusiasm. The day also being the birthday of Mr. Rajiv Gandhi, members of his party cut the cake in his memory and to celebrate.

The party pridefully talks about the peace efforts made by Mr. Gandhi during his tenure as the Prime Minister. Rajiv not only tried to restore communal harmony on Indian soil but also made efforts to restore peace and order in other nations as well. His vision was to make India a world leader in bringing order and harmony.

How to Celebrate?

Sadbhavana Diwas in actual is more about commemorating the vision and efforts of Rajiv Gandhi towards bringing harmony in the society than about celebrating his birthday.

Make yourself aware of the efforts of Rajiv Gandhi and his government towards restoring peace in the country and the world. Also, aware others on the significance of instituting harmony and peace in society.


Sadbhavana Diwas is not only an occasion for the Congress party to celebrate its great leader but also for the people of India to put harmony at the forefront of every initiative. It is a tribute to the Indian philosophy of equality and harmony in the world.

Essay 2 (400 Words) – Why and How is Sadbhavana Diwas Celebrated?


Sadbhavana Diwas is celebrated in India on 20th August on the birthday of the 6th Prime Minister Mr. Rajiv Gandhi. Rajiv was a visionary Prime Minister who made commendable efforts to restore peace in several nations by extending help against the military coup and terror outfits.

Why is Sadbhavana Diwas Celebrated?

During his tenure as the 6th Prime Minister of India from 1984 to 1989, the government under Rajiv Gandhi adopted an assertive policy towards instituting peace and harmony in the country and in the world.

Sadbhavana is a Hindi word that means harmony and peace. Sadbhavana Diwas is observed as the birthday of Rajiv Gandhi as well as a commemoration of his government’s efforts to restore peace.

As the Prime Minister of India, Rajiv intervened to successfully suppress military coup in Maldives, Seychelles, and also suppress the terror outfit LTTE (Liberation of Tamil Tigers Eelam) in neighboring Sri Lanka. He also lost his life during an election campaign in India in 1991, when a suicide bomber from LTTE blew herself up while touching his feet.

He also advocated an action plan during the session of the United Nations General Assembly, to make the world free from nuclear weapons.

It is with the prime objective of commemorating Rajiv’s efforts for restoring peace that Sadbhavana Diwas is celebrated.

Special Events organized on Sadbhavana Diwas

Several events are organized on Sadbhavana Diwas, mainly by the Indian National Congress Party of which Rajiv remained a lifelong member. Every member of the party, right from the grass-root level to the top brass, actively participates and organizes events in the party’s regional offices and other locations.

Several leaders of the party take part in the events and felicitate Rajiv Gandhi by garlanding his statue and portrait. Every office of the Indian National Congress has a portrait or statue of Rajiv Gandhi.

The last rites of Rajiv Gandhi was performed at Veer Bhoomi in New Delhi, thus a major event is also organized there. Existing members of the Congress party and also from other parties visit Veer Bhoomi to pay their respect to Rajiv Gandhi.

The Congress party also distributes Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award to civilians for contributing to communal harmony and peace. The award was instituted in 1992 and carried a cash reward of up to Rs 10 Lakh.


Sadbhavana Diwas is a day to commemorate the peace efforts by Rajiv Gandhi and also to celebrate his birthday. Though the day holds special significance for the Congress party it is nevertheless an important day for every Indian who believes in communal harmony and peace.

Essay on Sadbhavana Diwas

Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words) – Sadbhavana Diwas: A Tribute to Rajiv Gandhi’s Peace Efforts


Sadbhavana Diwas is celebrated on 20th August to commemorate the birth anniversary of the 6th Prime Minister of India, Sri Rajiv Gandhi. He was the son of Smt. Indira Gandhi, the third Prime Minister of India who was the daughter of the first Prime Minister of India, Sri Jawaharlal Nehru.

A Tribute to Rajiv’s Peace Efforts

Sadbhavana Diwas is observed to commemorate the various efforts towards restoration of peace in India and neighboring countries by Rajiv Gandhi during his tenure as the Prime Minister of India and as the President of the Indian National Congress.

During his tenure as the Prime Minister, in office from 31st October 1984 to 2nd December 1986, he adopted a foreign policy that would put India in a leading position in the world. His foreign policy was exceptionally well crafted and positioned India as a guardian nation that extends support to others facing a crisis, rift, terrorism, etc. All in all the policy of his government was to restore peace in India as well as in the adjoining countries.

Rajiv’s Peace Efforts

Throughout his tenure as the Prime Minister, Rajiv took many out of box and revolutionary measures to restore peace in other nations.

He played a vital role in suppressing military coup in the Island country of Seychelles. Threatened by a coup by his military in 1986, the then President of Seychelles, France Albert Rene, requested Rajiv for help. Working on his assertive foreign policy to restore world order, Rajiv sent Indian Navy to Seychelles on an operation code-named ‘Flowers are Blooming’. The operation was successful and the cup was averted.

Rajiv also sent 1500 Indian soldiers to Maldives in 1988 to successfully suppress a military coup and restore the government of Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, who had asked for help from Rajiv.

Similarly, he helped to restore peace in Sri Lanka by devolution power to the Tamil majority areas through Indo-Sri Lanka accord in July 1987. The accord also helped in a dissolution of LTTE (Liberation of Tamil Tigers Eelam), a terror outfit demanding separate Tamil state in Sri Lanka.

Representing India in the United Nations General Assembly’s session in 1988, Rajiv expressed his views on a nuclear ammunition free world and proposed that an action plan be realized in this regard.

Several other similar efforts for restoring peace and order in the world had made Rajiv Gandhi a visionary leader of his times.

Sadbhavana Diwas Celebrations

Many of the Indian politicians and also from around the world remember Rajiv Gandhi and his efforts for restoring order in the world. Statues of Rajiv Gandhi at several places are felicitated and garlanded by his admirers and politicians on Sadbhavana Diwas.

The day is specifically significant for the Indian National Congress Party, of which Rajiv was the leader and the President from 1985 to 1991. He was the third in line Prime Minister from the same family of politicians belonging to the Indian National Congress.

A special event is held at Veer Bhoomi in New Delhi where Rajiv was cremated. Members of his immediate family and other senior leaders of Congress party visit there, to pay their respect and remember his work and vision.

The Indian National Congress is one of the largest parties in India and has a pan India presence. Celebratory events in the honor of Rajiv Gandhi are held in all the regional offices of the Congress spanning throughout the country.


Sadbhavana Diwas is more a tribute to the peace efforts of Rajiv Gandhi than about celebrating his birthday. It is a tribute to an Indian Prime Minister’s vision and efforts for a peaceful and nuclear-weapon-free world.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Sadbhavana Diwas

Q.1 When do we celebrate Sadbhavna diwas?

Ans. Every year we do celebrate the birthday of our former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi on 20th August as Sadbhavna diwas.

Q.2 When was Rajiv Gandhi born?

Ans. Rajiv Gandhi was born in Mumbai on 20th August 1944.

Q.3 Where did Rajiv Gandhi spend his childhood?

Ans. Rajiv Gandhi spent his childhood in Teen Murti Bhavan situated in Delhi.

Q.4 What is the motive of celebrating Sadbhavna diwas?

Ans. It is celebrated to promote unity and harmony among people of every region in India.

Q.5 Which award is distributed by the Rajiv Gandhi Foundation on Sadbhavna diwas?

Ans. The Rajiv Gandhi National Award is distributed to people who help in promoting national integrity and harmony.

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