Essay on One Nation One Election

One Nation One Election

The election is an important procedure held in democratic countries for the formation of the government. The people choose their representative by voting in the elections and further these elected representatives help in the functioning of the government in the nation. India is regarded as the largest democracy in the world and elections are held several times in the nation. The election commission is the supervising body for conducting the elections at central and state levels. A large sum of money is invested every year in conducting these elections. One Nation One Election policy states about conducting the elections of state and central level together. The introduction of this policy will aid in reducing the money wasted in conducting several elections in the nation.

10 Lines Essay on One Nation One Election

1) One nation one election refers to conduct one election for the nation.

2) In other words, one nation one election means organizing one election for Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly.

3) In 1952, India practiced its first simultaneous election.

4) The practice of simultaneous election was disturbed due to resolutions of the government in 1968 and 1969.

5) In 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi raised the need for simultaneous elections again in India.

6) Regular elections disturb the society through speeches and rallies.

7) Conducting one election will save money, manpower and time.

8) It will also control the regulation of black money in the country.

9) It will provide more power to the national parties and regional parties will have no existence.

10) However, conducting and managing one election could be a difficult task.

Long Essay on One Nation One Election in English

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1500 Words Essay-The Nation Requires the Implementation of One Nation One Election


One nation One election is a burning topic of discussion in the nation at present. This idea has been highlighted by our honorable Prime Minister Narendra Modi several times. We need to understand what this one nation one election scheme is about? We will be elaborating on the topic and discussing the purpose of launching this scheme in the nation.

What is One Nation One Election?

The election is an important procedure for the formation of government in any of the democratic nations in the world. The elections of State legislatures, Vidhan Sabha and Lok Sabha are held separately. The elections are conducted whenever the tenure of 5 years is completed or the government is dissolved. Thus, there are frequent elections in one or the other state of India throughout the year.

One nation ,one election is an election procedure that states that there will be only one common election for the state and national level elections. The election will be held only once after the completion of five years. This one election does not mean that it will happen on one day for all the people of India, instead the election will be held in phases. The people belonging to a particular constituency will have to vote for state assemblies and Lok Sabha at the same time.

An Account on One Nation One Election

  • The concept of one nation ,one election is not a new one but had been in relevance after India got independence.
  • There were single elections during 1951-69 i.e. for two decades in the nation.
  • The disturbance in the election cycle because of the dissolution of legislative assemblies in 1968 and 1969 resulted in switching to separate elections from the procedure of single elections.
  • In 1983 the one nation ,one election concept was again recommended by the Election commission of India. It was also mentioned by the Law Commission in its report in the year 1999. Further excessive emphasis was laid on this concept since the formation of The Bharatiya Janata Party government since 2014.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been regularly highlighting the policy of one nation ,one election in his election campaigns, all party meets, media, talks, etc.

Need of One Nation ,One Election in India

The idea of one nation, one election is emphasized to conduct the elections at the central and state levels together in India. The nation requires the implementation of this concept. The initiation of this concept will reduce the wastage of effort and money used in conducting the elections every year. The voters in the nation will have to vote only once in five years. The time and money saved because of the end of frequent elections can be utilized for solving crucial issues and developmental work in the nation. Moreover, the political parties will get enough time of 5 years to make their plans work for the public welfare. This will help in ensuring the all-around development of the nation.

PM Modi Regularly Insisting On One Nation One Election

The point of ‘one nation ,one election’ was raised and discussed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi for the first time in the year 2015. Later this need for this concept was presented by him in the All-Party Meet organized on the 19th of June in the year 2019. He has been regularly arranging discussions and debates on this topic at different forums in the nation with a vision that the people of the nation might understand the significance of conducting single elections. Moreover, the Prime Minister has also said that the frequent election in the nation is just a waste of effort and money.

The adoption of the policy of a single election after every five years will reduce the frequent implementation of the model code of conduct that hinders the development works in the nation. Recently, ‘The One Nation ,One Election’ scheme was discussed by the Prime Minister on the 26th of November, which was the constitution day of India. He was virtually addressing the 80th All India Presiding Officers Conference. He insisted that one nation ,one election is the dire need of the nation.

Indian Law Commission on One Nation One Election

One nation one election concept was in practice in India from 1951-69. It has been further disintegrated into separate election procedures because of the early dissolution of the cycle of legislative assemblies. Therefore the concept of simultaneous elections had been again recommended by the Election commission in the year 1983. Further, it was supported by the reports presented by the Law Commission of India. The report was given by the Indian Law Commission in the year 1999 and it was its 170th report. It was based on ‘Electoral reforms in India’.

Pros and Cons of One Nation One Elections in India

Everything in this world has both positive and negative sides and the same is with the concept of simultaneous elections. There are several advantages and disadvantages of one nation, one election in the nation and they are enlisted below.

Cost-Effective- Every year a surplus amount of money is spent in conducting the elections of different states. Simultaneous process of elections in the nation will help in cutting the expenditure of conducting elections every year.

Reduces workload during the Elections- There is excessive manpower and machinery required during the elections. The concept of a single election will help in getting rid of these processes every year.

Stop the Flow of Black Money- The simultaneous elections can prevent the flow of black money in the elections. The political parties easily utilize the black money in form of white money in the elections. They utilize this money to bribe the votes and secure their vote bank. The concept of one nation ,one election can stop these corrupt practices and foster free and fair elections in the nation.

More attention on Developmental work- At present, several elections are held every year in the nation. This keeps the administration busy in election activities all around the year. Single election after an interval of 5 years will reduce this workload and thus other development works, programs, and policies in the nation can be carried out with ease. Moreover, the political parties will get more time to concentrate and work for the public welfare deeds.


No Improvement in the Expenditure of Money by Political Parties- The political parties invest a huge amount of money in the different elections occurring every year. It is thought that this expenditure money would be reduced by single elections but this will continue as the same money spent in stages can be spent altogether.

People’s Decisions will be Neglected- Single election states that one election will be held in duration of 5 years and the government cannot be dissolved until the completion of 5 years tenure. This will stop people from expressing their discontentment for the government for 5 years. Thus it violates the real meaning of the freedom of democracy.

National Parties will Get More Importance- The national parties will be benefited in the one nation one election concept and the regional parties will have no existence in such a concept. In this way, every region of the country would not be represented in the government. This will also inhibit the local participation as well as their problems from being expressed at the national level.

Coordination of One Election is a Complicated Task- The process of carrying out the simultaneous elections in the nation is a complex process. It requires massive manpower, security, machinery, for conducting the elections in a peaceful manner. This might not be easy as it is to say and thus a challenging task to be completed with full security.

Obstructions in Implementing One Nation One election in India

The Indian constitution has a quasi-federal setup. There are separate elections held in the nation for electing the members of Lok Sabha and State Legislatures. Thus the elections are conducted at different time intervals whenever the tenure of 5 years gets completed. There are several challenges that act as a hindrance in execution of the concept of one nation, one election. The implementation of simultaneous election will need the extension or reduction of tenure so that their election dates match with the proposed date and this is against federalism. This would not be possible without making amendments in the constitutional laws. Moreover the support of every citizen and political parties is needed for successful implementation of this policy in the nation.

Countries of World Practicing One nation One Election

There is a system of simultaneous elections in the United States. The country holds the elections on a fixed date. The money there is utilized in the development work in the nation instead of being wasted on conducting the frequent elections. This is best represented by the development of the nation in different sectors. Sweden, Spain, Hungary, Belgium, Poland, Slovenia, Albania, South Africa, Germany, etc. are the other countries in the nation that support and practice the system of one nation one election.


One nation ,one election is a very good and economical concept. The execution of the concept of one nation, one election in India is not very easy as it requires several changes in constitutional structure. It cannot run smoothly without amendments in constitutional law. The other way to carry out this process is by getting the consent and support of the political parties. The attention and working on development work and other crucial issues would be more effective if this concept is successfully executed in the future.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on One Nation One Election

Q.1 What is the simple meaning of the one nation one election concept?

Ans. One nation one election simply means that people will have to go for voting once in five years.

Q.2 At how many levels, elections are conducted in India?

Ans. Elections are conducted at local, state, and national levels in India.

Q.3 When did the Election Commission recommend simultaneous elections in India?

Ans. The Election commission in the year 1983 recommended the simultaneous election in India.

Q.4 Which articles have to be amended for executing one nation one election in India?

Ans. The Articles 83, 85, 172, 174, and 356 have to be amended for executing one nation one election in India.