26th July is the day of Indian soldiers, as it narrates the bravery of martyrs during the Kargil war. Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated in memory of the soldiers who lost their lives in the 1999 Indo-Pakistani War. India, which is famous all over the world, is known for its courage and valor. The tension between India and Pakistan is not hidden from anyone. This is the reason that wars are often seen between India and Pakistan from time to time, the wars of 1947, 1965, and 1971 give evidence of this.
All wars on one side and Kargil War on one side because India had proved its might in the world by this war. This essay will reveal how the war happened, what caused the war, which strategies were used by India, etc.
Kargil Vijay Diwas - Long Essay
1400 Words Essay
The Kargil War was the battle in which the Pakistani army tried to capture the Drass-Kargil hills. Kargil War is proof of Pakistan's wrong intentions. Historians have an opinion about the then Army chief of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf tried to come under the limitations of India. India fought with bravery and defeated Pakistan. The Kargil war is proof of the defeat of Pakistan; India has lost many of its brave warriors whose sacrifice became an example for this country. The country will never forget the sacrifices of these sons, so every year on 26th July we consider Kargil Vijay Diwas.
Reason of Kargil War
The intention of Pakistan, when India-Pakistan separated, was that the whole of Kashmir should remain in the share of Pakistan; they always adopt different infiltration methods to get Kashmir. One of the methods which led to the Kargil war was an attempt to enter the borders of India. The courage of Pakistan had increased so much that even after entering the border, they killed the Indian soldiers who went to the incident place for patrolling, India did not suspect that Pakistan's mind was to war. Finally, seeing the wrong activities of Pakistan, India declared war.
In the beginning, India was unaware of the intentions of Pakistan but a shepherd informed about the footsteps of the Pakistani army at the hills of Kargil. Soon when India was informed about this they immediately by patrolling tried to know more about the information provided. The attack by Saurabh Kalia's patrol team revealed the presence of infiltrators in that area.
Initially, the Indian Army considered these infiltrators to be Jihadis and sent a small number of its troops to drive them out, but after the counter-attacks from the rivals and the news of the presence of infiltrators in several areas one after the other, the Indian Army understood. It did not take long that it was actually a planned and large-scale infiltration, in which not only the Jihadis but the Pakistani army was also involved. Realizing this, the Indian Army started 'Operation Vijay', in which 30,000 Indian soldiers were involved.
India had blown the trumpet of war against Pakistan, under which India named this mission as Mission Vijay. Many weapons were used in the war of Kargil. On 23 May 1999 Indian Air Force declared a mission called "operation white sea". During the war, the Indian Air Force combined with the Indian army and supported them to fight against Pakistan. The Indian Air Force used MiG-27 and MiG-29 in the Kargil war against Pakistani soldiers. The war was so much disastrous that even it is told about the war that after the Second World War a country had used so many missiles and bombs on another country.
Major Stages of Kargil War
First, Pakistan launched its army infiltration into the Indian-occupied Kashmir area and strategically occupied the National Highway 1 (NH1) position within the range of its artillery. In the second phase, India detected this infiltration and sent the Indian Army to those places to respond to it. In the final phase, the war between India and Pakistan started and as a result, India conquered all the places where Pakistan had occupied. Due to international pressure, the Pakistani government moved its forces from the line of control.
State Honor of Martyr Soldiers
War is a terrible experience. If victory and defeat are put aside, then it is very difficult to understand the pain of those who have lost their loved ones. When a soldier enlists in the army, he does not know whether he will return from the battlefield or not. The sacrifice of a soldier is supreme. Realizing this, to pay respect to the soldiers killed in the Kargil war, the dead bodies of the martyrs were brought to their homes, and their last rites were performed with state honors.
Memorials Built-in Memory of Martyr Soldiers
- Memorial Located in Draas
The Kargil War Memorial has been built by the Indian Army at the foothills of Tololing Hill in Drass. This memorial is 5 km from the center of the city. It is built across Tiger Hill. It has been built in the memory of the soldiers who were martyred in the Kargil war. The poem "Pushp ki Abhilasha" is written by the famous 20th century Hindi poet Shri Makhanlal Chaturvedi at the main entrance of the memorial. The names of the soldiers who sacrificed their lives in the Kargil war are inscribed on the walls of the memorial.
- Amar Jawan Jyoti
Amar Jawan Jyoti was inaugurated in 1972 by the then prime minister Indira Gandhi. It is located on Rajpath, New Delhi. The Amar Jawan Jyoti memorial was built in memory of the martyrs of the Kargil War. The burning flame is always burning, another war memorial was built on the same Rajpath in 2019, whose specialty is that in it the names of all the martyrs have been written in golden letters.
Consequence or Outcome of the Kargil War
Pakistan and his army were defeated again and again by the Indian army but they do not understand that war in every aspect is bad for both countries. The then prime minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif confesses that he was unaware of the activities done by the Pakistan army and others. Later By political pressure, he resigned from his post. Any war between India and Pakistan never has started from the side of India. Every time Pakistan instigates us to fight and create a situation like war.
The outcome of this war has a positive impact on India and a drastic negative impact on Pakistan. Pakistan felt shameful in front of the world after this war by their biggest defeat. On the other hand, the people of India get to know about the drastic power of man and the army. The people of India developed a vision to protect their country and showed immense love and care for each and every person who participated in the war. After this battle, the Pakistani army withdrew its foot and did not try to face India on the battlefield for a long time.
What was Special about Kargil Vijay Diwas 2021?
This time there was a preparation to make Kargil Vijay Diwas special. On this Vijay Diwas, the army's victory flambeau was taken to Ladakh to encourage the soldiers. This victory flambeau was taken from Kashmir to Ladakh where it reached on 23 July. This time on Vijay Diwas, our President and Supreme Commander of all armies, Hon'ble Shri Ram Nath Kovind, reached Kargil and paid tribute to the martyrs.
This time on Kargil Vijay Diwas, the Indian Army has completed two motorcycle rallies. An Army contingent reached Drass from Leh crossing an altitude of 17 thousand feet at Daulat-Beg-Oldi and another contingent reached Kargil from Dhruv War Memorial, Northern Command Headquarters, Udhampur on July 22. A two-day event was organized from July 25 at the Drass War Memorial.
In 1999 the war between India and Pakistan, at least 550 Indian soldiers were killed. 1300 soldiers were injured. After so many struggles we won the battle and flag our victory. In memory of those special soldiers who sacrificed their lives for our country, Kargil Vijay Divas on 26 July is celebrated every year with huge respect and pride. According to the name of this operation, 26 July was declared as Kargil Vijay Diwas so that the coming generations also know about the heroic stories of those patriots and thank those heroes. Today, the areas of Kargil and Drass, which we all proudly declare as part of India, are the gift of those martyrs, to whom we express our gratitude by paying homage every year on Vijay Diwas.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. In the year 1999, the Kargil war took place between India and Pakistan.
Ans. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the prime minister during the Kargil war.
Ans. On July 26, 1999, the war of Kargil ended.
Ans. Param Vir Chakra and Maha Vir chakra are the awards given in the field of bravery.
Ans. The celebration will be held at Kargil on the occasion of Kargil Vijay diwas.