Human Beings are meant to live by abiding by some rules and regulations. Breaking those rules is subject to punishments. The degree of the punishment depends upon the severity of the crime of violation. The death penalty is the most severe punishment for the commitment of a crime. It is a very relevant topic of discussion and there are several views of people on this topic.
Is the Death Penalty Effective - Short and Long Essay
Here we will be discussing the effectiveness of the death penalty in the form of a short and a long essay. I think it will be helpful for the students in preparing for competitive exams and essay writing.
Short Essay (250 words)
The death penalty is the most severe form of punishment that is given to criminals for committing heinous offenses. It is given so that people may fear and think twice before doing serious offenses. The procedure of giving the death penalty is different in various nations of the world.
The death penalty is inhumane according to Religious values
The cruelest punishment called the death penalty is wrong according to religious values. The religious values state that life is a precious gift of God. Except for the supreme power, nobody in this world has any right to take anyone’s life. According to religious values, the punishment of the death penalty takes away the chance of improving from the criminal. Many times the innocent people are also executed for the offense that they have not committed. Therefore it can be said that the death penalty is not the right action according to religious values.
The act of abolishing the Death Penalty
The death Penalty is given so that nobody dares to do the severe crime after seeing the harsh punishment. It is the cruelest punishment but is still not able to reduce the crime rate. There is a need of abolishing the punishment of the death penalty. It is gradually being abolished in many countries of the world. The European countries were the first to abolish the punishment of the death penalty. The United Nations is also trying to abolish death penalty punishment in the entire world. Recently after the hanging of the culprits of the ‘Nirbhaya’ offence, United Nations has also asked India to abolish the death penalty in the nation.
Conclusion The death penalty would be the right decision if there were the chances of reduction in crime rate and no innocent execution. It would be right to say that the death penalty is not effective in doing both and thus should be abolished.
What is Death Penalty and How it is Effective in Reducing the Crime Rate - Long Essay (1000 Words)
The most extreme punishment for violent criminals is the death sentence. This topic has always been the limelight of discussion. Many of us have our views in support of the death penalty while views of some are against it too. Recently the discussion for abolishing the death penalty in India is a priority.
What is Death Penalty?
The death penalty is also known as Capital Punishment is given to criminals by the court of criminal justice for most offensive acts. It is referred to as an act of killing a person for the heinous crime committed by that individual. In such cases, the court passes a verdict as a punishment for the crime and that is called a death sentence that when carried out is termed as the execution of the order. Brutal crimes like rapes, murders, mass murder, sexual abuse, terrorism, war crimes, genocide, piracy, sedition, etc. are subject to capital punishments.
Hanging, shooting, lethal injection, stoning, electrocution, etc. are some of the ways of executing the death penalty. The methods of the application of capital punishment vary in different nations. Many countries have abolished this form of punishment but it is still followed in the nations like India, China, the USA, Pakistan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, Egypt, Iran, Japan, and Taiwan, etc.
Evolution of Death Penalty in India
The Indian constitution came into force in 1950. Before the enactment of the constitution, the death penalty was given easily in British rule. During the first five years of enactment of the constitution, a person for committing murder or violent crime was given a death statement as it was in regular process. Further, in 1955, there evolved a change in giving punishments to criminals.
The session judge was granted a discretionary power of giving two types of punishments for violent criminals. He can either give life imprisonment or the death penalty according to the brutality of the case. Later frequent changes were taking place in the law. There was an amendment was done in the Criminal Procedure Code in 1973. The session judge has to provide a relevant reason for giving the punishment like life imprisonment or death sentence to the criminal. The death penalty can only be given in the rarest cases only.
Positive Aspects of Death Penalty
We all are aware that the death penalty is one of the extreme punishments for criminals. The criminals committing such unlawful crimes are the offenders of law and are sentenced to death. Some positive aspects of the death penalty are enlisted below:
- Prevent Reoccurrence of Crimes - Death penalty are given to criminals committing the brutal offense. This develops a fear in the minds of people and stops them from reoffending. The thought of ending of life or destruction of one’s life prevents them from such violent crimes. This will help in lowering the crime rates.
- Satisfaction to the Family of Victims - The execution of the death penalty of the criminal brings a feeling of satisfaction to the family of the victim of the offense. They can further step on in their lives.
- End of Brutal Criminals - Death penalty helps in cleaning up the violent criminals from society. They cannot be trusted if granted Life imprisonment as they can cause harm to others. It is also costly to keep them in prison for the whole life. Why should such criminals survive on our money? Thus it is the best way of getting rid of such criminals from our society.
Negative Aspects of Death Penalty
- Execution of Innocent People - It has been observed that many times innocent people are killed because of the faulty system and jurisdiction. They are mistakenly found guilty and since they cannot give the evidence of their innocence become the culprits.
- Act of Killing is Inhuman - Capital punishment is a form of punishing by killing the criminals. Killing anyone is not a good act and is equivalent to murder. Therefore death punishment has been abolished by the different nations in the world.
- No Chance of Improvement - It is believed that one chance should be given to everyone in life. Similarly, the criminals should be provided one chance of improvement in life. They might understand their offense and try to improve and repent for the crime committed by them in the prison.
Is Death Penalty Effective in Reducing the Crime Rate?
The death Penalty (Capital punishment) has always been a topic for arguments and discussions. The most important issue is that whether this extreme punishment is capable of reducing the crime rates in the world. Capital punishment to criminals is an ultimate justice to the victims of society. This punishment is in practice for many years in different nations except the ones that have abolished this form of punishment.
It is sad to state that the death penalty being such an extreme punishment is also not effective in reducing the crime rates in society. Terrorists sentenced to death do not repent for what they did as they are planned with a mindset of dying. The increasing crime rate and evidence state that the death penalty is not effective in reducing crime. If people would fear capital punishment then the crime rate would surely fall.
The criminal does not think before acting and the crime is committed in aggressiveness. Moreover, this punishment would bring some change if action is prompt. We have observed that it takes years in proving the crime and passing the jurisdiction. In my opinion death penalty is not effective in reducing the crime rate and deterring people from committing violent crimes.
The death penalty is basically a very extreme form of punishment for exceptional crimes. It has been practiced from the beginning of civilization on this earth. The death penalty in ancient times was most painful and full of tortures. At present, the most important transformation is required in the system and governance so that people may get justice and no innocent would suffer.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. The United States of America is only a western country to practice the death penalty.
Ans. 108 countries have abolished the death penalty.
Ans. 10th October is celebrated as world day against the death penalty.
Ans. Nathuram Godse was the first criminal to be sentenced death.
Ans. The President or the Governor can forgive the death sentence only in exceptional cases.
Ans. The act of carrying out the death sentence is called as execution.