Essay on Human Rights

As we know making rules or norms is important because they give everyone in the group or organization a set of guidelines they should follow. They make sure that everyone is held to the same level of transparency, which helps build a sense of fairness and trust among the people. As everyone is held to the same standards, they also promote fairness and equality.

There are some law and sets of rules for all people, regardless of race, color, sex, language, religion, etc to maintain peace, safety, and equality among citizens, known as Human Rights. Today we will discuss about Human Rights in detail.

Short and Long Human Rights Essay in English

Here, we are presenting long and short essays on Human Rights in English for students under word limits of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays will help you to write effective essays, paragraphs, and speeches on Human Rights.

Human Rights Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Human rights refer to a group of rights to which every human being is legally entitled.

2) It is given to all humans, regardless of age, nationality, sex, ethnicity, language, religion, etc.

3) Human rights help create a more equitable world.

4) Human rights ensure that everyone has access to basic needs and can live with dignity.

5) It gives people the opportunity to participate in their societies and have their voices heard.

6) Human rights are essential for protecting the most vulnerable members of society.

7) They are also important for promoting peace and stability in society.

8) Right to equality, right to education, right to freedom, etc are some human rights.

9) Anyone found violating these rights can be punished by the law.

10) The citizen of India can enjoy six fundamental rights granted by the constitution.

Short Essay on Human Rights (250 – 300 Words)


Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that every person is entitled to regardless of their race, color, nationality, ethnicity, sex, language, religion, political opinion, or any other status. These rights are essential for leading a life of dignity and respect.

Types of Human Rights

Human rights are divided into two categories:

  • Civil and Political Rights: Civil and political rights are those rights that are necessary for individuals to participate in the political, social, and economic life of their society. This includes the right to life and security, the right to freedom of movement, the right to freedom of expression and opinion, the right to vote, the right to freedom of assembly and association, and the right to privacy.
  • Social Rights: Social rights are those rights that are necessary for individuals to live in dignity and to have access to resources and opportunities. This includes the right to food and water, the right to work and form unions, the right to health and education, and the right to an adequate standard of living.

The Necessity of Human Rights

Human rights are essential for the well-being and dignity of all people. They are the foundation of all human life, providing a platform for individuals to live, work, and thrive in a safe and supportive environment. Human rights help ensure basic needs such as food, water, shelter, education, and healthcare are met, and protect individuals against discrimination, violence, and abuse.


Human rights play an important role in the life of every citizen. It is the responsibility of governments and other related organizations to protect and promote these rights so that all individuals can lead a life of freedom and security.

Long Essay on Human Rights (500 Words)


Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that all people are entitled to, regardless of race, sex, language, religion, sex, national or social origin, opinion, property, birth, or another status. Each right is very important to the well-being of every person. These are protected by laws from the local to the world level. In 1948, a historical document called the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was made to show what these people’s rights and freedoms were. This was, in fact, the first worldwide deal on the basic rights of people.

Importance of Human Rights

Human rights are necessary for everyone in the world to have a good level of living. It provides them the power to express themselves and lead independent lives. They also guarantee civil and political liberties, like the right to vote, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion. Human rights are very important for the growth of a country as a whole. They guard against discrimination, make sure that basic needs and necessities are met, encourage personal freedom, and make sure that people who break the rules are held accountable and given justice.

Some Important Human Rights

People should be aware of their rights. Everyone has the same rights. This means that these rights can be used everywhere and at any time. Let us look at some basic human rights:

  • The Right to Development

The right to development is the right of all individuals and people to freely participate in and enjoy the benefits of their economic, social, and cultural development. This includes the right to access resources and opportunities, the right to participate in decision-making, and the right to benefit from sustainable development.

  • Right to Education

The right to education is a fundamental human right and essential for the development of a child. Article 28 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) states that all children have the right to education. This includes the right to access free, quality education and the right to be free from discrimination.

  • Right to Freedom of Speech

Everyone has the right to speak about his ideas and say what he feels. This is also sometimes called freedom of expression. If a country doesn’t have freedom of speech, it means that its leaders or government don’t care about the people who live there.

  • Right to Health

The right to health is another important human right for children. All children have the right to health care and medical services, including access to safe drinking water, adequate nutrition, and sanitation.

  • Right to Protection from Exploitation, Violence, and Abuse

Children are particularly vulnerable to exploitation, violence, and abuse, and need special protection. This includes physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, as well as neglect, exploitation, and discrimination.


Human rights are fundamental to the lives of all individuals, regardless of their background. They are essential for living a life of dignity and respect, and for participating in the economic, social, and cultural life of their society. Every person has the right to their basic human rights. Even though there are rules to protect human rights, people, groups, and even the government sometimes break them. But it must be protected by us to make things better.

I hope the above-provided essay on Human rights will be helpful to you in understanding the advantages and disadvantages of Human rights.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Human Rights

Q.1 Which day is celebrated as International Human Rights Day?

Ans. 10 December is marked as International Human Rights Day.

Q.2 Do people have human rights in every country?

Ans. Human rights are for everyone and can’t be taken away. They are the same for everyone, everywhere without any exclusion.

Q.3 Is there any established hierarchy of human rights?

Ans. No, all human rights are important in the same way. All economic, political, civil, cultural, and social rights are just as real and important as any other human right.

Q.4 Are there any differences between individual rights and collective rights?

Ans. Collective rights or group rights are the rights of people and groups like ethnic and religious minorities and indigenous peoples, whereas individual right is defined by any individual’s ethnic, cultural, or religious society.