Essay on Caste Based Census

How we know that the population of India is surpassing the population of China? Who tells the population of a particular country? When we are kids, we have these types of thoughts in our mind. On growing up, we understood that through census we get to know the population of a particular country. Not only population, census is a vital tool to plan better for the overall development of the society.

However, it has been argued by many that a caste-based census will provide an accurate representation of various castes in the country. On the other hand, there are those who are concerned about its potential misuse if it is implemented. Therefore, today, we will discuss caste-based census in detail.

Short and Long Caste Based Census Essay in English

Here, we are presenting long and short essays on Caste Based Census in English for students under word limits of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. Also, it will help students who are preparing for various competitive exams. These provided essays will help you to write effective essays, paragraphs, and speeches on Caste Based Census.

Caste Based Census Essay 10 Lines (100 – 120 Words)

1) Caste-based census is a process of collecting data on the population according to caste.

2) It records the caste of each individual and their socio-economic status.

3) It was first introduced in India during the British colonial rule.

4) Caste is the most important factor in India’s social hierarchy.

5) It helps in understanding the disparities between different castes.

6) It also identifies caste needs and guides the development programs.

7) It provides data on the literacy rate, employment opportunities and other services.

8) It helps to identify the areas where social and economic development is needed.

9) Caste-based census can create social-inequality.

10) However, it can lead to discrimination and marginalization of communities.

Short Essay on Caste Based Census (250 – 300 Words)


The Census is a vital tool used to collect data about a population. It is a survey conducted by the government every ten years in order to collect information about the population’s demographic, economic, and social characteristics. Caste Census is the call for the upcoming exercise to include a count of India’s people by caste. The last caste census was done in 1931, when India was still under British rule.

Significance of Caste Based Census

The caste based census helps to identify the socio-economic status of different castes and sub-castes, which helps in formulating policies to uplift the most marginalised sections of society. It helps to identify the most backward castes and tribes, and provides the necessary data to devise affirmative action policies.

Challenges in Caste Based Census

  • Caste based Census is a complex and challenging process due to a number of factors.
  • There is a wide variety of castes and sub-castes present in the country, making it difficult to accurately capture the population of each category.
  • There is a risk that the data collected could be used to target certain communities or regions, leading to further social divisions.
  • Some groups have different names in different places, and some have different ways of saying their names. This could be confusing.


The caste census will help the government understand the social and economic status of different classes. This will help the government make better policies to reduce caste inequality and improve the economic situation of people who are on the margins of society.

Long Essay on Caste Based Census (500 Words)


The Indian Census was started in 1881, during the colonial rule. The census is conducted by the Government of India every ten years, with the latest one in 2021. As the census arrives, the debate over a caste-based census again revived.

What is Caste Based Census?

Caste Based Census is a census which records the caste of individuals as per the Social Hierarchy in India.  It also provides a representation of the different castes in India, which can be used to identify variation in society. Caste Based Census is an important tool for the government to identify the disadvantaged and marginalized sections of society and to ensure their rights and entitlements.

Importance of Caste Based Census

Caste based census helps to analyze the social and economic structure of the society and its various components. The census also records the number of people belonging to different castes and sub-castes, which helps in understanding the complex dynamics of Indian society. Policymakers are likely to get new and up-to-date information from a group census. Caste surveys would actually show how many problems need to be fixed in any democratic country.

Advantages of Caste Based Census

The following are some of the reasons why people support a cast census.

  • It enables the government to create economic policies that are tailored to the needs of the people of a particular region or caste.
  • It can help identify the population of people belonging to a particular caste and how their numbers have changed over time.
  • It can be used to measure the progress of certain initiatives like reservation for the backward castes.
  • It helps in identifying the areas where people from a particular caste are concentrated and in understanding the reasons for their concentration.
  • It can be used to identify the areas where people from a particular caste are facing discrimination and in devising strategies to address the same.

Disadvantages of Caste Based Census

Although, caste based census has many advantages, it do possess some disadvantages. Some of them are listed below:

  • The caste census will lead to divisions. India wants to get rid of the idea of caste, but a caste census would make it stronger.
  • Some people may feel hurt when details about their caste are made public. They may feel their rights are being taken away.
  • People may lie about their caste in a caste census because it will be used to decide future reservations and government benefits.
  • This will tell political groups who they should try to win over if they want to win. Those in power can use it to favor certain castes and communities while disadvantaging others.


Caste based census is important for understanding the dynamics of Indian society and formulating policies to address the social and economic disparities among different castes. To make reservation processes fairer, it is becoming more and more important to collect data on caste.

I hope the above-provided essay on Caste Based Census will be helpful to you in understanding the advantages, disadvantages, and importance of Caste Based Census.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Caste Based Census

Q.1 Who conducts census survey in India?

Ans. The government of India’s Ministry of Home Affairs, Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner is in charge of running the census every 10 years.

Q.2 What is Justice Rohini committee?

Ans. The goal of the Justice Rohini Commission was to make sure that more backward OBCs took advantage of reservation. Article 340 of the Indian Constitution says that the President set up the commission on October 2, 2017.

Q.3 Who is the current census chief of India?

Ans. Shri Mritunjay Kumar Narayan became India’s Registrar General and Census Commissioner on November 1, 2022.

Q.4 Who is considered the father of the Indian census?

Ans. Henry Walter is considered the father of the Indian census.