Essay on Growing Pollution in Rivers

Growing Pollution in River

Pollution refers to the addition of impurities and other harmful substances in nature that can have bad effect on the environment. It is a major topic of concern nowadays. Pollution is increasing day-by-day in nation. There are various types of Pollution; Air Pollution, Soil Pollution, Water Pollution, Noise Pollution, etc. Various factors are responsible for increasing Pollution.

10 Lines Essay for Growing Pollution in Rivers

1) The discharge of toxic substances into rivers leads to a rise in river pollution.

2) River pollution has increased rapidly in the past few years.

3) It is caused due to factory discharge, sewer, waste dumping, etc.

4) River pollution can lead to various diseases.

5) Due to growing river pollution, marine lives are also harmed.

6) Proper treatment of wastes before discharging into rivers can control river pollution.

7) About 18 million pounds of garbage is thrown into the rivers every year.

8) “Namami Devi Narmade” and “Namami Gange” are the programs forwarded by the government to clean rivers of India.

9) In the world, Asia has the most polluted rivers.

10) Excessive river pollution will disturb the ecosystem.

Long Essay on Growing Pollution in Rivers in English

Here, I’m presenting long essay on Growing Pollution in Rivers in very easy language for your better understanding.

1000 Words Essay – River Pollution: Meaning, Causes, Impact, Solution, and River Pollution Projects


About 71% of Earth is covered with water. In India, we are blessed to have about 14 major and 55 minor rivers along with many other rivers and lakes. Rivers are the main sources of water supply. More than half population of country is dependent on rivers for drinking water and other purposes. In India, rivers are considered holy. People worship them and also perform various rituals on its bank, resulting in the growing river water pollution. As the rivers get polluted people has to depend on other expensive sources for fresh drinking water.

What is River Pollution/River Pollution Definition

The discharge of harmful substances like chemicals, plastics, contaminants, etc. to the water bodies especially in rivers are termed as River Pollution. However, the toxic substances and the wastes responsible for pollution are termed as pollutants. In other words, we can say that the emission of toxic substance in the rivers results in River Pollution.

Cause of Growing River Pollution

There are several factors which led to increase in River Pollution. Some human activities as well as natural causes are also responsible for polluting water bodies to a great extent. Some reasons are mentioned below:

  • Factory discharge: Many large factories and industries are contributing in increasing river pollution. Various toxic chemicals and waste materials are discharged directly into the water bodies without proper treatment.
  • Garbage dumping: large amount of garbage including plastics are dumped into the rivers for their disposal.
  • Sewage disposal: In many areas the dirty water and sewage of houses are open in the rivers, which then mix with clean water and results in polluting whole water bodies.
  • Agriculture: The runoff waste like fertilizers or pesticides which are used in farming are also responsible for river pollution.
  • Acid rain: Acid rain contains chemicals like sulphuric or nitric acid which are harmful for the rivers and aquatic animals.
  • Indian rituals: Some Indian rituals include throwing flowers and other things in the water which takes long time in disposal.
  • Natural causes: Sometimes nature is also responsible for polluting water bodies like volcanoes, floods or soil slit.

River Pollution Impact on the Living World

The growing pollution in rivers had an adverse effect on the biodiversity. The main regions which are more likely to influenced are aquatic species and humans.

As we know that the large population of India does not have the facility of pure drinking water. They use river water for drinking. Due to growing river pollution, they are prone to various water borne diseases. According to a survey, every year about 200,000 people lose their life due to consuming contaminated water.

However, there is a huge loss of aquatic species in the country. Release of toxic chemicals into water bodies is very harmful for the aquatic life. The increasing water pollution led to the extinction of various aquatic animals.

How River Pollution can be Controlled/Solutions to River Pollution

Controlling river pollution is in our hands. It is the responsibility of every human in the world to keep rivers and other water bodies clean. Here are some steps which could be helpful in minimizing river pollution to a great extent.

  • Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP): ETPs are the machines which are responsible for treating the wastes of industry before disposing to the rivers. The installations of ETPs in every industry would be helpful in controlling the pollution.
  • Sewage Treatment Plant (STP): STPs are responsible for the treatment of sewage. Sewage water contains pathogens and other harmful viruses. Therefore, need to be treated.
  • Control on the Indian rituals like cremation ceremony, where the ashes are dumped into the rivers. However, people take bath in the rivers which are considered holy.
  • Farmers should adopt organic farming instead of excess use of fertilizers and pesticides.
  • Proper drainage system should be arranged so that the dirty water could not mix with the polluted water.

River Pollution Projects/Plans

Different plans and projects have been put forward by the Government of India:

  • National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) launched in 1995, by the National River Conservation Authority, which aimed to control river pollution.
  • “Namami Gange Programme” launched in June 2014 by the Government of India to clean river Ganga. This programme had a budget of 20,000 Cr. and the programme is working well towards its goal.
  • “Water Quality Monitoring and Surveillance” had been established on behalf of National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP). Its main focus is to ensure safe drinking water for people mostly in the rural areas.
  • Another programme by the name “Jal Jeevan Mission” had been launched in the urban areas. It promises water taps in every urban house with safe and pure water by 2024. 
  • “Namami Devi Narmade” is another campaign promoted by the Government of Madhya Pradesh to clean river Narmada.

Growing River Pollution in India

The population of India is increasing rapidly and so the need of water. In India, about 80% of water is polluted due to waste disposal. It is predicted that about 40% of population doesn’t get safe drinking water. They use dirty water for every purpose.

Drinking and using contaminated water is harmful for health. According to a survey, about 1.5 million Indian children die every year due to various water borne diseases.

The rivers of India are turning impure. A report in 2013 predicted that the pollution of river in India is doubled in the past few years. However, various measures are taken by the Government to keep the Indian rivers clean.


Growing river pollution is a serious subject of consideration in the world. About 2 million tons of waste from industries, sewage, etc is discharged everyday into the water bodies.  

Knowing the importance of fresh water, World Water Day is celebrated on 22 March every year. The World Water Day is celebrated since 1993 across the world. It aims to spread awareness among the public to save water. If the river water will continue to get polluted like this, then the day is not far when the world will suffer shortage of water. 

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 What are the various diseases caused due to water pollution?

Ans. Various diseases like Cholera, Diarrhea, Typhoid, Hepatitis A, Dysentery, etc. are caused due to drinking polluted water.

Q.2 Which is the most polluted river in the world?

Ans. Citarum River in Indonesia is known as the most polluted river in the world. 

Q.3 Which is the most polluted river in India?

Ans.Yamuna is the most polluted river in India.

Q.4 Which is the least polluted river of India?

Ans.The Chambal River of India is considered as the cleanest river of India. 

Q.5 Which is the cleanest river in the world?

Ans. The Thames River in London is the cleanest river in the world.