Essay on Global Warming

The unusual rise in the Earth’s temperature is termed as global warming.

Today the world is moving toward modernization. We want development in each and every field of life. In the name of development, more and more industries are settled. But as society has grown, there has been a big drop in the quality of the Earth's environment. When talking about major environmental hazards, the very common name is Global Warming.

Many people are still unaware of the cause and effect of global warming. Therefore, today we will discuss global warming in detail.

Short and Long Global Warming Essay in English

Here, I’m presenting long and short essays on Global Warming in English for students under the word limit of 100 - 150 Words, 200 - 250 words, and 500 - 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These essays will help you to write effective essays, paragraphs, and speeches on Global Warming.

Global Warming Essay 10 Lines (100 - 150 Words)

1) Global warming is the rapid increase in Earth’s temperature.

2) It is a disaster for mankind.

3) The primary cause of global warming is greenhouse gases.

4) It causes climatic change, unexpected rainfall, melting glacier, etc.

5) Natural disasters like cyclones, storms, etc are caused due to global warming.

6) Global warming can also be caused to due to growing population, pollution, industries, etc.

7) The balance of nature is being thrown off by global warming.

8) We can reduce global warming by saving electricity.

9) Recycling things will also help in reducing global warming.

10) Trees play a major role in controlling global warming hence planting trees is important.

Short Essay on Global Warming (250 - 300 Words)

The rise in the Earth’s temperature leads to global warming. Over the last 100 years, the average temperature of the Earth has been going up. The release of greenhouse gases that can't leave the earth makes the temperature rise. There are many things that have been slowly making the temperature rise. Greenhouse gases like CO2 and methane are the main reasons why global warming is getting worse on Earth. Scientist says that greenhouse gases are responsible for almost 95% of global warming.

Extreme global warming is causing disasters in the natural world. This is causing the rise in sea levels, melting of ice caps and glaciers, the unexpected change in weather, etc poses threats to life on Earth.

The superior cause of global warming is human activities. Industrialization is a big reason why the Earth is getting warmer. Many scientists think that, according to recent studies, the four main causes of global warming are:

  • Greenhouse gases
  • Deforestation
  • Pollution
  • Carbon emissions

Plastic is the main cause of global warming as recycling it takes a long time. We should try to cut down the amount of greenhouse gases into the air. Reducing the burning of coal and oil, excessive automobiles on roads, use of electricity, etc could help a lot with global warming. There will be less carbon in the air if there are fewer cars and trucks on the road. Reducing your carbon footprint and making it a habit to do simple things like turn off appliances when you're not using them would go a long way. We should take proper steps to control global warming and live happily.

Long Essay on Global Warming (500 Words)


Global warming is the gradual rise in the Earth's temperature due to several reasons. It is very dangerous for both people and the environment. Global warming can also be considered an effect of climate change. The main thing that causes global warming is the release of greenhouse gases that can't be stopped. Carbon dioxide and methane are among the major greenhouse gases. This warming has many causes and effects, and it poses a threat to life on Earth.

Causes of Global Warming

There isn't just one reason behind global warming. The causes of these issues have two sources: nature and humanity. Some of the natural causes include volcano eruptions, solar radiation, etc. Carbon dioxide levels are going up because people are using automobiles and fossil fuels excessively.

Deforestation is one of the most common and fast-growing problems leading to global warming. Since trees are cut down, the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is increasing. The growing population, industrialization, pollution, etc are some other factors leading to global warming.

How does Global Warming affect us?

Global warming causes a lot of changes in the weather, such as longer summers and shorter winters, higher temperatures, changes in how the air moves, the jet stream, rain that falls at any time of year, melting ice caps, a thinner ozone layer, etc. It can also lead to an increase in natural calamities like heavy storms, cyclones, floods, droughts, and many others.

Different parts of the environment, including plants and animals, are directly affected by the damage caused by global warming. Another important effect of Global Warming is that the sea level is going up, the glaciers are melting quickly, etc. As Global Warming gets worse, it is also having a big effect on marine life. This is killing marine animals and causing other problems.

How Global Warming can be controlled?

Even though it is almost too late to slow down the rate of global warming, it is very important to find the right answer. Global Warming is a problem that needs to be solved by everyone, from individuals to governments. Some of the things to consider are controlling pollution, population, and the use of natural resources. People can use public transportation or carpool with other people will provide great help. So, people should also be encouraged to recycle.

On the part of the government, they need to control industrial waste and make it illegal for factories to let out harmful gases into the air. Deforestation must stop right away, and people should be encouraged to plant trees.


There are clear signs that the increase in global warming will kill off all life on the surface of the earth. Today, global warming became the greatest threat to humanity that cannot be neglected. Nor it can be controlled easily. By getting involved and taking steps, we can help in slowing down its effect.

I hope the above provided essay on Global Warming will be helpful in understanding the causes, effects, and methods to control it.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Global Warming

Q.1 Is global warming the same as climate change?

Ans. No, "Global warming" refers to the rise in global temperatures caused by greenhouse gases while "Climate change" refers to long-term climate changes.

Q.2 How the Earth’s temperature is calculated?

Ans. Scientists start with temperature readings from places all over the world to figure out what the average temperature is for the whole world.

Q.3 How rapidly the Earth’s average temperature is rising?

Ans. The Earth’s average temperature is rising at the rate of 0.17 degrees Fahrenheit per decade.

Q.4 When was the term global warming introduced?

Ans. The term global warming was introduced in 1975 by Columbia University.