Essay on Environmental Pollution

Environmental Pollution is referred to as the contamination of the environment with harmful substances.

We live in our small home and we clean it every day, on every occasion. But we forget about our main home that supports the lives of uncountable living organisms which is “our environment”. If the environment will be polluted how can we live happily in these man-made houses? We should keep our environment clean to live a healthy life on this Earth. The concern of environmental pollution is rising day by day. Therefore, today we will discuss Environmental Pollution in detail.

Short and Long Environmental Pollution Essay in English

Here, I’m presenting long and short essays on Environmental Pollution in 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, and 500 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 to write effective essays in English. However, everyone can read this essay to know more about Environmental Pollution and its related issues.

Environmental Pollution Essay 10 Lines (100 - 150 Words)

1) Environment refers to the surrounding where we live.

2) Today, Earth is facing major environmental pollution.

3) The addition of toxic substances into the environment is termed as environmental pollution.

4) It can be caused by both human and natural activities.

5) It can make people sick with diseases and even can kill them.

6) Air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, soil pollution, etc are its types.

7) It can result in acid rain, ocean acidification, global warming, ozone layer depletion, etc.

8) We can control environmental pollution through proper waste and sewage management.

9) Strict rules should be made to control pollution from industries.

10) An environment free from pollution will help to survive happily.

Short Essay on Environmental Pollution (250 - 300 Words)

Environmental pollution occurs when toxic substances get into the environment and disturb its balance. Most of these pollutants come from human activities. Human actions like burning fossil fuels, using vehicles, dumping industrial waste, cutting down trees and forests, and using a lot of plastic are some of the biggest reasons why the environment is getting polluted.

Environmental pollution is a serious threat to the health and life of people, plants, and animals, as well as to the atmosphere. Any living thing can only stay alive if the environment stays clean and pure. If the environment isn't clean and pure, it would be very hard to imagine life on Earth.

There are many different kinds of pollution, and they all come from different things. Air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, and noise pollution are some types of environmental pollution. Environmental pollution of any form is harmful and has negative consequences. Some of the most important effects of environmental pollution are:

  • Ocean acidification
  • Global warming
  • Species extinction
  • Acid rain
  • Ozone layer depletion

Industrialization and modernization around the world have led to an increase in environmental pollution. Environmental pollution is a global threat that must be stopped by making new laws and following them to the letter. Some ways to stop environmental pollution are to use fuels that are better for the environment and to collect and get rid of waste in the right way. Banning deforestation and planting trees could be a better option. To protect the health and future of the upcoming generation, we must do what we can to stop pollution.

Long Essay on Environmental Pollution (500 Words)


An environment is the surrounding where we live and it is made up of many things, like air, water, land, etc. Environmental pollution is the release of harmful and poisonous substances into the atmosphere. As byproducts of industries, farming, building cities, and other similar human activities, these harmful substances are formed. People are the big reason why the environment is getting worse. Some natural things, like volcanoes erupting, storms, and so on, can also make the environment dirty. It's a problem that hurts the economy, people's health, and social life.

Types of Environmental Pollution

There are many types of environmental pollution, some of them are mentioned below:

Air Pollution: Air pollution happens when particles and other harmful gases are released into the air and make it unhealthy. The air we breathe is polluted by the smoke that comes out of factory chimneys and automobiles.

Soil Pollution: Soil pollution, also called land pollution, takes place when solid waste, non-biodegradable materials, chemicals, and other things are dumped on open land. Waste from cities and runoff from farms are the main things that pollute the soil.

Water Pollution: Waste from industries and sewage water is not treated well enough before being dumped into rivers and other water bodies, which results in water pollution. It is harmful to humans as well as aquatic life.

Noise Pollution: Noise pollution also called sound pollution happens when the level of noise in the environment gets too high. Noise pollution is caused by things like car horns, loudspeakers, music systems, and industrial activities.

Effect of Environmental Pollution

Environmental pollution has direct and indirect effects on people and other species. Human health has been majorly affected by pollution. Air pollution causes several respiratory and skin diseases. Water pollution is killing aquatic life and made the water more acidic. Pollution of the soil has made it unhealthy, with a pH that is out of whack and doesn't help plants grow. Environmental pollution can also lead to bad things like global warming, floods, acid rain, depletion of the ozone layer, etc.

How to Control Environmental Pollution?

We can control environmental pollution by opting for eco-friendly habits. We should use the 3 R's principle to save the environment that is Reuse, Reduce, and Recycle. Government should encourage the need to plant more trees, use less plastic, and minimize the use of pesticides. Waste products causing pollution could be stopped by making new rules for industries that are better for the environment. Switching to organic farming will also be helpful.


Environmental Pollution is one of the biggest problems our planet is experiencing right now. We consider Earth our "mother," so it's up to us to fix all the damage we've done to her. We need to make sure that our environment is safe and should find ways to reduce pollution.  Let's all work together to get pollution out of Mother Earth.

I hope the above provided essay on environmental pollution will be helpful in understanding different aspects of this major pollution.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Environmental Pollution

Q.1 What are some famous environmental movements?

Ans. Movements such as Appiko, Save the Sundarbans, Chipko, Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA), Jungle Bachao Andolan, Climate Action Strike, etc. are some famous environmental movements.

Q.2 Who is considered the father of the Chipko Movement?

Ans. Sunderlal Bahuguna, an environmentalist is considered the father of the Chipko Movement.

Q.3 Who is known as an environmental activist?

Ans. A common definition of an environmental activist is someone who participates in "environmental strikes" to raise awareness about the issues surrounding environmental issues.

Q.4 What is the major cause of environmental pollution in India?

Ans. Overpopulation, modernization, deforestation, industrialization, etc are some of the major causes of environmental pollution in India.