Essay on Fundamental Duties of India

Essay on Fundamental Duties of India

The fundamental duties mentioned in the Indian Constitution are an integral part of the constitutions. Fundamental Duties are the means to infer obligations morally to citizens of the country. They are made available in order to promote patriotism and uplift the sovereignty of India. These duties were provided by the constitution in the 42nd and 86th amendments of the constitution. The duties do not hold any legal controversies but are meant to be followed by every citizen.

Short and Long Essay on Fundamental Duties of India in English

Here is a long essay that mentions each and everything related to the fundamental duties of an Indian Citizen.

10 Lines Essay on Fundamental Duties of India (100-120 Words)

1) Fundamental duties are the duties of the Indian citizen towards the country.

2) Article 51A of the Indian Constitution represents the fundamental duties.

3) Indian citizen has some fundamental duties on behalf of the rights they enjoy.

4) Fundamental duties are necessary for the development of a healthy nation.

5) Fundamental duties include respecting the national anthem and flag.

6) It also urges to protect the wildlife and the natural environment.

7) It states to protect and preserve the rich heritage and culture of the country.

8) It says that one must be ready to defend the country when it is required.

9) It states to protect the integrity, sovereignty, and unity of India.

10) Fundamental duties encourage brotherhood, peace, and harmony in society.

Long Essay on Fundamental Duties of India – 1250 Words


Citizens of India enjoy certain fundamental rights to ensure democracy within the state. But, where rights come there are some duties which allow us to enjoy the rights. These are known as Fundamental Duties. People enjoy certain rights and freedom as a part of democracy; on the other hand, they are supposed to perform a bit of duty towards the country. These duties are supposed to be followed strictly by Indian Citizens but, unfollowing won’t cause any harm. The fundamental duties are mentioned in the Article 51A, under part IV A of the Indian Constitution.

These duties can be understood in such a way that if the state or country is solemnly responsible to provide its citizen some powers and freedom, then it is people’s responsibility to take care and abide some responsibilities towards the state. These fundamental duties ask the citizens to take care of national symbols and obey them.

What are our Fundamental Duties?

The Fundamental Duties were inserted in the 42nd and 86th amendments of the Indian Constitution. Since India is a democratic state, fundamental duties are not supposed to be enforced on the citizens of the country but it should be abided by the people of India. The Article 51A of the Indian Constitution mentions fundamental duties as following-

  • Article 51 (A) (a) asks the citizen to respect National Anthem and Flag and to compel the Constitution of India.
  • The Article 51 (A) (b) obliges the citizen to adore and obey the noble ideas of freedom struggle.
  • Article 51 (A) (c) asks the citizen of India to protect Integrity, sovereignty and unity of India.
  • Article 51 (A) (d) says “Defend the country and fulfill its national duties if and when the country requires it”.
  • Every citizen must promote a spirit of harmony and brotherhood among all the peoples of India and renounce all offenses against women as mentioned under Article 51 (A) (e).
  • Article 51 (A) (f) urges to cherish and preserve the rich national heritage of our integrated culture.
  • The citizens are supposed to protect and improve the natural environment, including lakes, wildlife, rivers, forests, etc under Article 51 (A) (g).
  • According to Article 51 (A) (h) develop scientific temperament, humanism and research spirit.
  • The citizens, according to Article 51 (A) (i) are required to protect all public goods.
  • The citizens must strive for excellence in all individual and collective activities according to Article 51 (A) (j).
  • Article 51 (A) (k) abides to provide educational opportunities for children aged 6-14 and over and have a responsibility as parents to ensure that these opportunities are available to their children.

What is the history of Fundamental Duties? (Significance)

The fundamental duties were added at the time when Indian democracy was going through a black phase, the Emergency. It was implemented on the basis of a report by a 12 member committee headed by Swaran Singh. The report was taken into consideration and in 1976 the fundamental duties came into enforcement, this was the 42nd Amendment. The idea of adding fundamental duties was taken from Union Soviet Socialist Republic’s constitution. Article 29(1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 was also considered to draft the report of the committee.

Earlier, there were only 10 fundamental duties. The 11th Duty was added in the 86th amendment of the constitution in 2002. Justice Verma Committee was established and took the step to make these duties enforceable in every type of the educational institute. That’s the reason why students are supposed to do the national anthem every morning.

What is the Importance of Fundamental Duties?

The Fundamental Duties are as important as the Fundamental Rights, if we won’t know our works and duties and won’t perform them. Then, we are not supposed to ask for rights. These rights not only teach moral values but also help in those conditions to learn about patriotism and social values. These duties won’t cause any legal issues but the citizens are asked to follow. Some of the significant importance of the fundamental duties are listed below-

  1. It can reduce illiteracy in the country.
  2. Nature should be preserved and protected so that a good environment can be guaranteed in the future.
  3. It allows to claim fundamental rights, one must fulfill one’s duty and this will be examined in court. If a person does not fulfill their basic duties, it becomes difficult to claim their basic rights.
  4. It can increase faithful brotherhood and the collective action of men lead the Country to excellence in all material fields.
  5. It warns citizens not to commit offensive acts against the government.

Why Indian citizens should follow their Fundamental Rights?

Many people might ask that does Indian Citizen follow their fundamental duties. The point is important and considerable. Although there is law special law made for those who do not follow their fundamental duties but following the fundamental duties of Indian citizens must be the responsibility of every citizen. It guarantees the way of being Socially, Patriotically and Ethically. However, many Indian citizens just don’t follow these duties. It is a matter of fact that many of us don’t know much about it. The reasons why Indian Citizens should follow their fundamental duties are mentioned below-

  • These duties remind citizens to build a free, healthy and responsible society.
  • It is imperative that citizens respect all these obligations while respecting integrity and contribute in promotion of cultural harmony in the country.
  • These obligations of providing education for children and protect human rights are important steps towards eradicating existing social injustices in today’s society.


The fundamental duties are part of the constitution that inspires us to promote and respect patriotism for the country. Being responsible citizens of the country, we must know our basic duties towards the nation. The duties oblige us to respect our country and preserve its rich and heritage culture. It also urges us to take care of the environment as wildlife, forests etc. The duties develop a sense of social structure and ethical thoughts. In educational institutions, these duties must be taught to students in a good manner so that they can follow or ask others to follow them. If we need something from the country, then we must pay something to the country.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 What is the definition of Fundamental Duties?

Ans. Fundamental Duties are the legal obligation of a citizen of a country to promote patriotism and sovereignty of the country.

Q.2 How many fundamental duties are there in India?

Ans. There are a total of 11 fundamental duties mentioned in the Indian Constitution.

Q.3 In which year the fundamental duties were added?

Ans. The Fundamental Duties were added in the years 1976 and 2002.

Q.4 From where the fundamental duties are taken from?

Ans. The Fundamental Duties are taken from the constitution of the USSR and Article 29(1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948.

Q.5 Which article deals with the fundamental duties?

Ans. Article 51 (A) in Part IV (A) deals with the fundamental duties in the Indian Constitution.