Ambedkar Jayanti is observed to commemorate the birth anniversary of Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, born on 14th April 1891. Dr. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Constitution drafting committee, who also served as independent India’s first law minister.
Short and Long Essay on Ambedkar Jayanti
Essay 1 (250 Words)
Ambedkar Jayanti is a public holiday in India celebrated on the occasion of the birth of Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar also fondly popular as Babasaheb among his followers. It is celebrated throughout the country on 14th April. He is known as the father of the Indian Constitution and also served as independent India’s first law minister.
Ambedkar Jayanti Celebrations across the Country
Though Ambedkar Jayanti is fervently celebrated throughout the country, two main locations have special significance for the celebrations. The one is Babasaheb’s resting place known as Chaitya Bhoomi in Mumbai, Maharashtra; another is Deekshabhoomi in Nagpur, Maharashtra.
Processions, big and small are carried out throughout the country by the followers of Dr. Ambedkar. His statues are washed and garlanded and people gather to pay their respect to him. They also discuss his teachings, vision, achievement and his contributions in the building of the nation.
Significance of Ambedkar Jayanti
Dr. Ambedkar was a lawyer a politician but above all, he was a social reformist. He almost single-handedly drafted the constitution that is the foundation of our nation today. But he isn’t any less known for his fight against racial discrimination. Throughout his life, he fought to bring those underprivileged to the mainstream and for their equal status in society as well as other spheres. It is therefore very important to remember him and his works to keep the devil of discrimination at its bay. We must remember that unless we treat each other as equal; the idea of a united and progressive India will remain futile.
Ambedkar Jayanti must be celebrated with full enthusiasm with the participation of people from all the sections of society to make an equal and non-discriminatory society as was the vision of Dr. Ambedkar.
Essay 2 (400 Words)
Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated every year on 14th April to commemorate the birth anniversary of Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar, also well known as the father of the Constitution. Throughout his life, Babasaheb fought against the racial discrimination and social injustice faced by the Dalits and other backward classes of India.
Ambedkar Jayanti Celebrations at Chaitya Bhoomi
Chaitya Bhoomi is located in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is the resting place of Babasaheb where he was cremated following his death on 6th December 1956. In Buddhism, Chaitya means a shrine, temple or a prayer hall. Since becoming the resting place of Dr. Ambedkar, Chaitya Bhoomi has attained a pilgrimage status for followers of Dr. Ambedkar and the Buddhists as well.
The government and the local administration make elaborate arrangements for the visiting common persons as well as politicians. Chief Minister of the state and other dignitaries also visit Chaitya Bhoomi to pay their respect to Babasaheb.
Exhibition of the books written by Babasaheb and also those based on his life and struggle is put up. Several Buddhist monks also visit the Chaitya Bhoomi and give sermons on the vision of Babasaheb and Buddhism. Processions are also carried out by the followers of Dr. Ambedkar.
Celebrations at Deekshabhoomi
Deekshabhoomi is a sacred monument in Nagpur, Maharashtra where Dr. Ambedkar converted to Buddhism along with his 600, 000 followers on 14th October 1956.
The day is very special for those who converted to Buddhism following his example. Huge processions are carried out, originating from Deekshabhoomi. Deekshabhoomi is located at Samvidhan Chowk in Nagpur. Thousands of the followers of Babasaheb gather at the Chowk and cut cake and burst crackers to celebrate his birthday.
Similar events are held at all the Budh Vihars or Buddhist pilgrimage centers located in Nagpur. People start visiting Deekshabhoomi from as early as 5 A.M. on Ambedkar Jayanti.
It is also customary for the politicians and other dignitaries from several walks of life to visit Deekshabhoomi and pay their respect to the father of the Indian constitution. Often, serving ministers travel to Nagpur from Mumbai to observe Ambedkar Jayanti at Deekshabhoomi.
Babasaheb was a revered figure for the people of India. He was the crusader of equality who fought against injustice and discriminatory behavior meted out against the underprivileged and Dalits of the society. Due to his contributions, today India has diminished the centuries-old discriminatory practices and emerged as a united nation.
Essay 3 (600 Words)
Ambedkar Jayanti in India is celebrated on 14th April every year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar also known as Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar or Babasaheb, as he was fondly called by millions of his followers. His birthday is a political as well as cultural event and is celebrated eagerly throughout India.
Babasaheb – The Father of Indian Constitution
Babasaheb was born on 14th April 1891 in a financially poor Dalit family in Maharashtra, India. He faced racial discrimination right from childhood, at school and in society. In school, he was not allowed to drink water from the same pitcher as other upper-caste students. Despite the odds, he used his education and skills to turn the odds and become one the greatest crusader for Dalit equality on Indian soil.
At a very early age, he obtained educational qualifications that were considered exceptional for a Dalit, during those times. He organized the schedule castes of India, against the discrimination they were facing in those days. He is well remembered for the Dalit Buddhist Movement in which he reportedly converted to Buddhism along with millions of his supporters at Deekshabhoomi located in Nagpur, Maharashtra.
B.R. Ambedkar was also the first law minister of independent India, and the chairman of the Constitution drafting committee, that drafted the Constitution of India.
There are many other works of Dr. Ambedkar in the progress of the nation and bringing equality among the masses.
First Celebration of Babasaheb’s Birthday
The tradition of celebrating Ambedkar Jayanti came into existence even when Dr. Ambedkar was alive and around 37 years old. Usually, Jayantis are celebrated posthumously, but, Babasaheb was so much popular among his followers that he almost achieved a cult status even when he was alive.
His first Jayanti was celebrated in Pune on 14th April 1928 by one of his ardent followers and social activists – Janardan Sadashiv Ranapisay.
A life-size statue of Babasaheb was unveiled in the central hall of the Parliament of India on his 100th birth anniversary on 14th April 1990. The year was also observed as the ‘year of social justice’ in the wake of the social reforms brought by Babasaheb on Indian soil.
India and its people also had a moment of immense pride when the United Nations celebrated Ambedkar Jayanti repeatedly for three years from 2016 to 2018.
Ambedkar Jayanti Celebrations
Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated all around the world where the people of Indian origin are located. In India specifically, Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated as a public holiday.
It is more fervently celebrated in two locations – Chaityabhoomi and Deekshabhoomi. Former is a place in Mumbai Maharashtra, where Babasaheb’s last rites were held and the latter is in Nagpur, Maharashtra.
Millions of devotees from all over the country travel to Chaityabhoomi to celebrate the birthday of their most revered leader. It is a big event in Mumbai that is observed for over a week. Elaborate arrangements for the travel and stay of the visiting devotees are made by the government.
It is also customary for the Prime Minister and other ministers of his cabinet as well as members of the opposition to gather in the Parliament’s central hall and pay floral wreath to the father of the Indian constitution.
Similar events in the honor of Babasaheb are held throughout the country- in the metropolis, small cities or villages. People from all walks of life, gather and felicitate the statue of Babasaheb and remember his unusual achievements.
Babasaheb was an exceptional politician but above all, he was a social activist. His efforts for abolishing the ages-old caste system in India were unprecedented and played a crucial role in shaping the future of a secular and united India. His Jayanti must be celebrated for centuries to come and his principles of equality must be followed in words and in practice.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. The birth anniversary of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar on 14th April every year is celebrated as Ambedkar Jayanti.
Ans. Uma Bharti the Union minister of BJP had announced that the birthday of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar will be observed as Water Day.
Ans. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar became the first Law and Justice Minister in Independent India.
Ans. The BHIM App is dedicated to the leader of Dalits Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.
Ans. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar is regarded as the Father of the Indian constitution.