A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is the short form of Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, who was the 11th President of India and also a great scientist associated with missile and satellite technology. He is fondly remembered today as the ‘missile man of India’ and the ‘people’s President’.
Short and Long Essay on A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: The People’s President - Essay 1 (250 Words)
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the 11th President of India. Before becoming the President of India, Mr. Kalam held key scientific positions in the Government of India and also organizations like DRDO and ISRO. For his commendable contribution to India’s missile development programs, he was called the ‘Missile Man of India’.
The People’s President
Ironically, Mr. Kalam was more famous for his other achievements than he was for the Presidentship. He was a great scientist with over four decades of commendable career; moreover, he had a unique simplicity and innocence that lets him to instantly connect to the people, students, and the youth.
Although a Muslim by birth; Kalam’s popularity transcended beyond religious perceptions. He was loved and respected by people from all religious backgrounds. Throughout his life, he remained pure vegetarian, despite being a Muslim. He had memorized completely the Hindu epic ‘Bhagwad Gita’ and his favorite musical instrument was ‘Veena’, which he was really good at playing.
It was perhaps this selfless attitude and an impartial view towards other religions that have made him popular among all the factions of the society. He was a people’s President and remained such till his last breath. Mr. Kalam breathed his last on 27th July 2015, interacting with the students of the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong.
Mr. Kalam was the most popular President India ever had. He was called the People’s President for the people were able to connect to his simplicity and sober conduct. Throughout his scientific and political career, Mr. Kalam worked tirelessly for the upliftment of the Indian technology as well as to inspire the youth.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: The Missile Man of India - Essay 2 (400 Words)
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the 11th President of India, who had previously served in several strategically significant positions in scientific organizations. He played a vital in many missile programs in India.
The Missile Man of India
During his four decades career in DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organization) and ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization), Mr. Kalam was deeply involved in the missile development efforts of the Indian Military.
He was instrumental in the development of ballistic missiles during the Project Devil and Project Valiant. He was also very closely associated with the launch vehicle technology of the Indian military. He made commendable efforts for the successful launch of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). His contribution to India’s missile development programs earned him the sobriquet of the ‘Missile Man of India’.
The Youth Icon
Mr. Kalam remained a bachelor throughout his life. His simplicity, scientific acumen, and inspirational talks have made him a popular figure among the youths. Despite all his abilities and senior scientific positions that he held, at heart he was still a child and a student. Perhaps, this unique trait of his personality made him immensely popular with the youth, who looked up to him as their icon.
After serving as the President of India, Mr. Kalam went back to youths and started spending more time visiting schools and colleges. He became the visiting professor at many prestigious institutes including the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Indian Institute of Management Ahmadabad and Indian Institute of Management Indore among others.
He was also in the role of a teacher and taught information technology at the International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad; Banaras Hindu University (BHU) and Anna University.
Mr. Kalam also wrote several books based on his experiences with school and college students. In his books, he has described to the youth, how to pursue the dreams and to believe in one’s own abilities under the adverse of situations. ‘Wings of Fire’, ‘Ignited Minds’, ‘Mission India’, ‘Inspiring Thoughts’ are some of his popular books. Children as well as college students had a great deal of respect for Mr. Kalam and looked upon him as their ideal.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the most popular President of India till date. His innocent smile and simplistic attitude made him immensely popular among the youth of the nation. Even till date, he is fondly remembered for his interactive sessions at schools and colleges in which he spoke to inspire the students and youths.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: Career as a Scientist and Politician - Essay 3 (600 Words)
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is an abbreviation for Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, who was the 11th President of India. By far, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam had been the most popular President of India, mostly among the youth. His contribution to the scientific and strategic development of India is unprecedented.
Childhood and Education
Mr. Kalam was born on 15th October 1931 in Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. He was born to Jainulabdeen a boat owner and an Imam at a local mosque and his wife Ashiamma. Kalam was the youngest among four brothers and one sister. He had a tough and poverty-ridden childhood and he also worked as a newspaper hawker to sustain his family’s expenses as well as his own studies.
Mr. Kalam was average in studies during childhood but was known among teachers for having a strong desire to learn. He spent lots of time in studying, especially mathematics, the subject he loved.
His initial schooling was done at Schwartz Higher Secondary School at Ramanathapuram after which he attended Saint Joseph’s college at Tiruchirappalli. From there he obtained a graduate degree in physics in 1954.
Thereafter, Mr. Kalam got enrolled in the Madras Institute of Technology to study aerospace engineering.
Career as a Scientist
Mr. Kalam wanted to become a fighter pilot in the Indian Air Force. After obtaining a degree in aerospace engineering from Madras Institute of Technology in 1960, he applied for becoming a fighter pilot in Air Force but missed the chance by just a whisker. He appeared ninth in the qualifier while there were only eight positions; perhaps destiny had something else in store for him.
Even after so closely missing his life dream, Mr. Kalam didn’t lose faith in his abilities and became a scientist in DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation). It turned out that Mr. Kalam wasn’t very satisfied with his job at DRDO.
In 1969 he was transferred to ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization). Thereon he became the project director of India’s first satellite launch vehicle (SLV-III), deploying successfully the Rohini satellite in 1980.
Apart from that, Kalam had also worked on several ballistic missile projects during 1970s to 1990s. Supported and funded by the union government, aerospace projects under the directorship of Mr. Kalam were highly successful bringing him name and fame during 1980s.
Mr. Kalam had also served as the Chief Scientific Advisor to the Prime Minister of India from July 1992 to December 1999. During this period he also served as the Director of the Defence Research and Development organization. He was also the Chief Project Coordinator of the Pokhran-II nuclear power test conducted in May 1998.
Kalam’s name was first proposed for the President of India by the ruling NDA (National Democratic Alliance) government in June 2002. His candidature was backed by the other parties like the Indian National Congress and the Samajwadi Party.
Former President, K.R. Narayanan also chose not to re-contest the Presidential election, making the field clear for Kalam. The only sole opponent of Kalam was a freedom fighter and Azad Hind Fauz veteran, Lakshmi Sehgal. Mrs. Sehgal; was backed by four leftist parties – the Communist Party of India (CPI), the Communist Party of India (Marxist)(CPI(M)), the Revolutionary Socialist Party and the All India Forward Bloc.
However, the election was a one-sided affair due to the popularity and skills of Kalam. He won the 2002 Presidential election, obtaining and an electoral vote of 922,884 against his opponent Lakshmi Sehgal’s 107,366 votes.
Kalam was sworn in as the 11th President of India on 25th July 2002 and his term ended on 25th July 2007.
Mr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was a highly talented scientist, an administrative and political visionary. His contribution to the scientific development of India is unprecedented.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. Wheeler Island in Odhisa was renamed Abdul Kalam Island.
Ans. Dr. Abdul Kalam received the Bharat Ratna award in 1997.
Ans. The lecture delivered by Dr. Abdul Kalam on the day of his death was 'Creating a liveable planet earth'.
Ans. The name of the autobiography of Dr. Abdul Kalam is 'Wings of Fire'.
Ans. The name of the e-paper started by Dr. Abdul Kalam was Billion Beats.