Dog Essay

Dog is the first domesticated animal by aboriginal humans. The man-dog relationship is as old as the civilization itself. Today dog has become extremely common and probably the only large carnivore domesticated by humans

Short and Long Essay on Dog in English

Here I’m presenting short and long essays on Dog in different word limits of 120 words, 250 words, 400 words and 600 words for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 using easy English language so that every student can understand these essays properly.

Dog Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) A dog is a pet animal that was domesticated since long by humans.

2) Dogs are considered the most loyal animals.

3) Different breeds of dogs with distinct features exist in the world.

4) Dogs are intelligent animals that are capable of understanding human moods.

5) Labrador, pug, german shepherd, etc are some common breeds of dogs.

6) Some dogs are helpful for military services and police agencies.

7) People mainly domesticate dogs to protect and guard their houses.

8) In India, about 25 different breeds of dogs are available.

9) Dogs can be brown, black, white, or golden.

10) Extinct grey wolves were the ancestors of dogs.

Man-Dog Relationship – Essay 1 (250 Words)


Dogs have been domesticated by humans for around 12,000 years. Since then their mutual relationship has evolved into a more friendly and dependent type, wherein both dogs and humans depend on each other for welfare and survival.

Man-Dog Relationship

The relationship between man and dog is over 12,000 years old. It all started when hunters’ gatherers domesticated gray wolves even before that. Dogs evolved from the gray wolf, which is now extinct.

Men have been domesticating dogs for various purposes like herding cattle, guarding premises, sniffing scent or companionship. The relationship has benefitted both the dogs and humans mutually.

It is only due to the close association with humans that today hundreds of dog breeds with different qualities and traits are available. It is a kind of give and takes relationship, wherein a man gives his dog, food, and shelter in exchange for loyalty, friendship and other services.

Dogs are also used for pulling loads or sledge, like the Canadian Husky, mainly domesticated by the Eskimos. Some dogs are used by the police and law enforcement agencies for tracking down fugitives due to their ability to pick up and track a scent.


The relationship between humans and dogs is thousands of years old and has probably become more evolved and strengthened with the passing years. Dogs were the first domesticated animals and also the only carnivores ever befriended by humans. Despite being carnivore by nature dogs have adapted themselves very well to a starch-rich, often vegetarian human diet.

Qualities of Dogs – Essay 2 (400 Words)


‘Dog is a man’s best friend’; we all have heard this proverb since childhood. The phrase clearly states the relationship humans share with dogs and vice versa. It also explains one of the most peculiar characteristics of dogs – honesty.

Qualities of Dogs

  • Honesty

Honesty is the most significant behavioral characteristics of dogs irrespective of their breed and physical appearance. Every dog is extremely honest to its master and is always protective of his belongings or territory.

Come what may a dog will never betray his master who provides food and give companionship. Even the street dogs that are routinely fed by a family develop a natural tendency to alarm the family against any undesirable intrusion into the house.

  • Intelligence

Dogs are found to be extremely intelligent, sometimes on equal terms with humans. They also have this uncanny ability to detect the mood of a person from facial expressions or physical movements. They cleverly realize whether a person is nervous, angry, sad or happy. This ability helps the dogs to differentiate between friends and threats. Due to their intelligence dogs are used to herd cattle, to pick up a scent, etc. They are highly capable of solving a large number of problems on their own.

  • Courage

Courage is another significant attribute of a dog. Most of the dog breeds are found to stand up against a formidable threat, more so, if it is a matter to save their master. The courage of a dog knows no bounds if it is a matter to save its master or protect his property. Hunting dogs, accompanying their masters on hunting expeditions are known to have saved their masters from other big carnivores by even risking their own lives.

  • Protective

Dogs are highly protective of their master, the family they live in or care for them. They have a natural tendency to guard the household against any threat or danger. This is the reason why people tend to domesticate dogs and leave them unchained on the premises, during the odd hours. Some dog breeds are very protective of the younger children and are found to be always attentive near a toddler or small child.


The qualities of dogs have evolved due to thousands of years of coexistence with humans and also due to their genetic breeding. Some specific breeds of dogs have a specific quality, for which they are domesticated. It isn’t for any reason that a dog is termed as a man’s best friend.

Dog Essay

Origin, Appearance and Behavior, Breeds and Skills of Dogs – Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words)


Dogs have been domesticated by humans for thousands of years for their honesty and other usefulness. They were the first to accompany the aboriginal men in hunting expeditions. The human-dog relationship has evolved ever since and today dogs are the most widely domesticated carnivores.


Dog is evolved from a gray wolf which is now extinct. Dog was also the first species of any large carnivore that was domesticated by humans. Gray wolves were probably the first domesticated carnivores and their breeding led to the evolution of dogs.

The genetic diversion between wolves and dogs possibly occurred between 40,000 years to 20,000 years. This was possibly the time of genetic diversion and the actual domestication occurred much after it.

The first domestication of dogs must have taken place around 15,000 years ago by the nomadic hunter-gatherers. The place where the domestication of dogs first took place is a matter of dispute with the possible regions being Western Europe, East Asia, and Central Asia.

Appearance and Behavior

Dog has been domesticated by humans for thousands of years. They are so well adapted to human habitation that they can’t survive without humans. Dogs have well adopted themselves to a starch-rich diet similar to that of humans. Today several genetic breeds of dogs have evolved with each one of them having its own physical attributes and behavioral characteristics.

Dogs come in different shapes and sizes; from the smallest Chihuahuas to the largest like the Great Dane or English Mastiff. Some are aggressive guard dogs while some are friendly family dogs. Some dogs like to live in isolation while some always want to be in the family. As varied is the dogs’ appearance so varied is their behavior.

Appearance-wise, dogs differ largely from one another. Some breeds of dogs have furry coats like the Pomeranian, Poodle, Bearded Coolie, etc, while others have very short hairs like the Doberman.


There are about 25 breeds of dogs in India. One of the first species ever domesticated by humans is the dog which was also the largest. Artificial selection by humans has led to the evolution of different dog breeds as are found today. This probably happened some 200 years ago.

These breeds of dogs vary widely in terms of size, weight, and other parameters. A tea cup Poodle could be as small as to fit in a tea cup and weighing 0.4 Kg. On the other hand, a Giant Mastiff could weigh as much as 90 Kgs.

The colors of the breeds also vary widely from brown, black, golden brown, tan, light tan, dark red or chocolate, etc along with variations in the coat.

Skills of Dogs

The skills of dogs vary widely over different areas as their appearance and behavior. Some like the Border Coolie, Australian Shepherd are good for herding cattle, sheep and goat, etc.

Dogs breeds like Beagle, German Shepherd and Labrador are well known for the scent detection abilities and are used by police and other law enforcement agencies. Dogs like the Doberman and Bull Mastiff are reared for their guarding abilities and used as guard dogs.

Bite inhibition is another skill of dogs wherein they have learned to moderate their bite strength as per the situation and need. This skill was very useful in using dogs as hunting companions, wherein they do not kill the prey but rather capture it.


Dogs are the oldest domesticated companions of humans. A dog-man relationship has also evolved over thousands of years and today they both are integral to each other. Dogs have become the signs of human settlement that is where there is a dog, there has to be a human settlement nearby.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Dog

Q.1 Which country in the world has no street dogs?

Ans. Netherlands is the country in the world to have no street dogs.

Q.2 Why are dogs referred to as best friends of human beings?

Ans. Dogs are friendly and loyal and therefore referred to as the best friends of human beings.

Q.3 What is the duration of gestation periods in a dog?

Ans. The gestation period in dogs is of 9 weeks.

Q.4 Which is the fastest breed of dog?

Ans. Greyhound is the fastest breed of dog.

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