Essay on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

India has a long and proud history of freedom fighters and leaders who laid down their lives to free the country from British rule. From Mahatma Gandhi to Bhagat Singh, the nation will always remember and honor the heroes who fought for India’s freedom. The sacrifices made by freedom fighters enabled the nation to gain freedom and pave the way for India’s unity and progress in the years to come. When we talk about unity, the first name among the freedom fighters comes is Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel. Today we will know in detail about the “Lauh Purush” of India.

Short and Long Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Essay in English

Here, we are presenting long and short essays on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in English for students under word limits of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel will help you to write effective essays, paragraphs, and speeches on this topic.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 words)

1) Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was an Indian barrister who played a vital role in the country’s independence.

2) He is popularly known as the “Iron Man of India.”

3) The “Iron Man of India” was born on 18th of October, 1875 in Nadiad, India.

4) He is one of the most important political and social leaders in India’s modern history.

5) He established the Reserve Bank of India and was the Architect of Modern India.

6) He was awarded India’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna in 1991.

7) He was promoted as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Home Affairs in the Indian National Congress in 1947.

8) He was also a strong advocate for economic self-sufficiency and created the Indian National Bank.

9) He left all of us on 19th December in 1950 in Mumbai.

10) His contribution to the nation is cherished and his works have become an inspiration for many Indians.

Short Essay on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (250 – 300 Words)


Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was an Indian politician who played an important role in India’s struggle for independence. He was referred to as the “Iron Man of India” due to his ability to bring together people from different communities and his iron-fisted approach to law and order. He was instrumental in the unification of India’s many princely states into the modern nation-state.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s Life

Born on October 31, 1875, in Gujarat, Patel was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian National Congress. Patel also persuaded India’s Hindu and Muslim leaders to cooperate to maintain unity in India. It was due to his efforts that India remained united and achieved independence in 1947. He served briefly as the first Deputy Prime Minister of India, and he served as the first Home minister of India until his death in December 1950.

Sardar Patel’s Contribution

Patel was a respected leader who championed the rights of minorities in India. He was a staunch advocate of communal harmony and had a strong record of protecting the rights of women, Dalits, and tribals. He also worked to bring about land reforms in India to improve the lot of the rural poor. He believed in India’s unique composite culture that was a blend of religious, linguistic, and ethnic diversity. He was deeply troubled by the carnage of Partition and worked hard to prevent it by initiating and mediating reconciliation between religious factions.


Patel’s legacy continues to inspire many Indians who admire him for his courage, firmness, and thoughtfulness. A courageous and determined leader, Patel is widely remembered for his efforts to bring about unity and stability in India.

Long Essay on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (500 Words)


Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is a name that resonates throughout the Indian subcontinent and of the world. He played a pivotal role in India’s transformation from a non-cohesive land, a mix of princely states and British colonies, into a strong nation-state. From championing the cause of civil rights during the non-cooperation movement to his efforts to create a unified India, and his efforts to bridge the Hindu-Muslim divide, Sardar Patel was a remarkable leader and one of the greatest visionaries of Indian history.

Early Life of Sardar Patel

Born in Kheda District (in Nadiad), Gujarat on October 31, 1875, he belonged to the Leva Patel community. After his father, Jhaverbhai Patel’s death, his brother and Vallabhbhai looked after the family. When he was 19 years old he helped his uncle in a lawsuit. This marked the commencement of his career in law. In the year 1905, he opened his own practice in Godhra, where he was well renowned in the legal circles of India.

Political Involvement

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was drawn towards politics and was convinced that effective political participation was essential to bring about sweeping changes in the country. He was highly vocal about his dislike for separate electorates for Muslims. He wanted a united India and spread this message across the country. He was elected as the president of the Congress party in 1931.

Partition of India

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was fiercely against the partition of India on the grounds of religion or territory. He was an advocate of peaceful communal coexistence and urged both the Hindu and Muslim communities to come together and live in harmony. He participated in various negotiations to reach a consensus between the two communities.

Unification of India

Despite the unfortunate events that led to Partition, Patel still had faith in a unified India. He took it upon himself to persuade the provincial states to join the Indian Union through his ‘Iron Man of India’ approach. He traveled to multiple places to build goodwill and urged the kings to cede their properties to the Union and reorganize their provinces on the lines of linguistic basis. In the process, he unified almost 600 princely states and ended their rule. These provinces went on to become the states of modern India.

Legacy of Vallabhbhai Patel

Sardar Patel was considered to be one of the most influential men at that time and was fondly called ‘Sardar’ or Leader. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1956 for his great contributions toward the unification of India. His work was recognized by the United Nations which recognized him as a champion of human rights and, in turn, declared the 31st of October as the International Day of Non-Violence in celebration of his birth anniversary.


Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a leader of rare courage and vision. His legacy will live on forever in the minds of millions of Indians who still remember and are inspired by the man who dreamt big and had a will of iron. Despite the immense success of his endeavors, he was humble and thought of himself as nothing more than a servant of the people. He will forever remain a vital part of Indian history and an inspiration to generations of leaders to come.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Q.1 Which is the world’s tallest statue?

Ans. The Statue of Unity is the highest statue in the world at 182 meters (597 feet), situated close to Kevadia in Gujarat.

Q.2 Who sculpted the Statue of Unity?

Ans. Ram V. Sutar, an Indian sculptor, created the design of the Statue of Unity.

Q.3 Why National Unity Day is celebrated?

Ans. Rashtriya Ekta Diwas, also known as National Unity Day, is observed annually on October 31 to mark Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s birth anniversary.

Q.4 What was the biggest contribution of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel?

Ans. In a relatively short period of time, he had successfully completed the work of uniting 565 Princely States into the Union of India.