Essay on Republic Day

Every year India celebrates Republic Day on 26 January to mark the adoption of India’s constitution. In India, we have many special celebrations and observances. But when we talk about Republic day, our heart fills with patriotism. In the country in which we live today, the freedom that we enjoy today is not god gifted, it was earned. Many people have lost their lives, their loved ones, and everything to make the country what it is today. This day is not a normal day; it holds the hard work of many leaders. So, today we will discuss this important day in detail.

Short and Long Republic Day Essay in English

Here, I’m presenting long and short essays on Republic Day in English for students under the word limit of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays will surely help you to write effective essays, paragraphs, and speeches on Republic Day.

Republic Day Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) 26 January is marked as Republic Day in India.

2) On this day, the constitution of India came into existence.

3) The constitution of India was finally passed on 26 January 1950.

4) Also on this date, the declaration of Purna Swaraj occurred in 1930.

5) On the occasion of Republic day, a special parade takes place on Rajpath.

6) Schools and organizations celebrate this day with great zeal.

7) Bravery awards are distributed by the President of the country.

8) This day also highlights the hard work of people’s blood and sweat.

9) The country enjoys a public holiday on Republic Day.

10) This day brings all the people of the country together.

Short Essay on Republic Day (250 – 300 Words)


The Constitution of India serves as the country’s highest law. India’s constitution was made with help from the constitutions of other countries so that it would be the best constitution possible. It was drafted under Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar’s direction.

Why Republic Day is celebrated?

Republic Day is celebrated in India on 26 January to commemorate the enactment of India’s constitution. On November 26, 1949, the Indian Constituent Assembly passed the Indian Constitution, and it went into effect on January 26, 1950. Also on this day in 1930, the Indian National Congress put out the Purna Swaraj declaration of Indian independence. This is why January 26 is known as Republic Day.

How Republic Day is celebrated?

People all around the nation celebrate this day by hoisting the flag and singing the national anthem. The national capital, Delhi, also has a big parade to mark the day, in which the Indian military takes part and shows off its grandeur. After the President of India raises the National Flag in New Delhi, 21 guns salute and the military band plays the national anthem. People from different places come to enjoy the unique parade with incredible tableaus. Also, the president distributes awards to brave soldiers and personalities. Schools and colleges play a major role in celebrating Republic Day. Many cultural and patriotic events are organized and at last sweets and snacks are distributed to students. People celebrate this day with joy and excitement.


On this day, the people of India show their pride, happiness, and love for their country. India has a national holiday called on this day to remember when the country’s constitution was put into place.

Long Essay on Republic Day (500 Words)


We observe Republic Day every year on 26 January. On August 15, 1947, we became independent from the rule of the British, but our country still didn’t have a clear constitution. We became a free, secular, socialist, democratic republic on January 26, 1950, almost three years after we got independence. So, this day is a big day as it marks the beginning of India as a Republic State. People celebrate this day with great zeal and honor.

History of Republic Day

After India became independent, the need for a constitution was raised. After this, a special assembly was put together to write the Constitution of India. On August 29, 1947, a proposal was made to set up the Drafting Committee with Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as its leader.

Before the Constitution was signed, several Assembly meetings were organized. After a lot of talks and some changes, on January 24, 1950, the 284 Assembly members signed two handwritten copies of the agreement, one in English and one in Hindi. The Constitution of India was finally signed and put into effect on January 26, 1950 which is celebrated as Republic Day.

Importance of Republic Day

Republic day is a day that holds an important place in the heart of all Indians. Republic Day serves as a symbol of our national identity. On Republic Day, we also think about what our freedom fighters did and how hard they worked. It helps bring the entire nation closer together. People of different castes, creeds, colors, and backgrounds come together on this day to celebrate with a lot of passion and enthusiasm. Another reason for the celebration is to inspire our people by teaching them about India’s rich history.

How India celebrates Republic Day

India organizes a three-day celebration on the occasion of Republic Day. Rajpath in New Delhi hosts the country’s largest Republic Day parade and festivity. The Republic day parade shows off the country’s pride and rich diversity. It starts after the president raises the national flag and people pay their respects to those who died serving the country. People come from all over the country to the Rajpath to see the big Republic Day celebrations.

Awards are also given to children and citizens who have shown courage in hard times. The Paramvir Chakra, Ashok Chakra, and Vir Chakra are given to the brave soldiers. Special celebrations can be seen at schools, institutions, government offices, and other public places. People hoist the national flag by singing the national anthem. People also remember the contribution of freedom fighters and leaders by whose fortune we got a chance to celebrate this golden day.


Republic Day is one of the major national events in the history of India. It gives people the right to live freely and happily. It is also a day to honor India’s long struggle for independence and pledge to work toward India’s future success. We should respect the importance of the day by maintaining proper peace and harmony in the country.

I hope the above provided essays on Republic Day will be helpful in understanding the significance and the reasons for the Republic Day celebration.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Republic Day

Q.1 How much time it took to draft the constitution of India?

Ans. It took about 2 years 11 months and 18 days completely to draft the constitution of India.

Q.2 Which Republic Day will India celebrate in 2023?

Ans. In 2023, India will mark the 74th Republic Day.

Q.3 What time does the parade begins on Republic Day?

Ans. The parade on Republic Day begins at 10:30 am.

Q.4 Who unfurls the National flag on Republic Day?

Ans. The president of India unfurls the National flag at Rajpath on the occasion of Republic Day.