Essay on Population

A nation’s development depends on a variety of factors, including the nation’s economic, social and political systems. The development of a nation is largely determined by its ability to create and implement policies that promote economic growth and social progress. International relations and global partnerships play an important role in a nation’s development.

But with these factors, Population is also an important factor in the development of a nation. A nation’s population size, composition and growth rate all have a direct impact on its economic, social and political development. Therefore, today we will discuss about population in details.

Short and Long Population Essay in English

Here, we are presenting long and short essays on Population in English for students under word limits of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays on Population will help you to write effective essays, paragraphs, and speeches on this topic.

Population Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Population, in simple words, is the total count of people in the world.

2) Population is rising day by day leading so many disadvantages to the planet.

3) Increase in population limits the number of resources for the people.

4) China is among the most populated country in the world.

5) India ranks second among most populated country of the world.

6) Growth of population can be negative as well as positive.

7) Excess of population is called overpopulation.

8) Population growth is a hazardous concern for the whole world.

9) Population should be in limit for a sustainable development of any nation.

10) Government runs several programs to control overpopulation in countries.

Short Essay on Population (250 – 300 Words)


Population growth is one of the most important issues facing the world today. It is a complex issue that has a direct impact on the environment, socio-economic development and human welfare. This essay will provide an overview of population growth, its causes and effects, and the ways in which it can be managed.

Causes of Population Growth

The primary cause of population growth is an increase in the number of births relative to the number of deaths. This is often attributed to better healthcare, improved sanitation and better nutrition, which reduce the mortality rate. Other contributing factors include increased immigration, higher fertility rates, and a lack of access to family planning services.

Effects of Population Growth

The effects of population growth can be both positive and negative. On the positive side, population growth can lead to economic growth and development. It can also increase the diversity of cultures in a given area, and create a more vibrant and dynamic society. On the negative side, population growth can lead to overcrowding, environmental degradation, and resource depletion.

Management of Population Growth

Population growth can be managed through a variety of strategies. These include policies to reduce the fertility rate, such as access to contraception and family planning services. Additionally, policies to reduce immigration, such as stricter border control, can help manage population growth. Finally, policies to improve healthcare, nutrition, and sanitation can reduce deaths and help manage population growth.


Population growth is a complex issue that has direct effects on the environment, socio-economic development, and human welfare. It can have both positive and negative effects, and must be managed through a variety of strategies. Understanding the causes and effects of population growth, and developing effective strategies to manage it, is essential for a sustainable future.

Long Essay on Population (500 Words)


Population is the total number of individuals in a given area or region. It is a major factor in determining the size and growth of a country’s economy, as well as its overall development. It can be measured in terms of the number of people living in a particular area, or in terms of the rate of population growth. The world’s population is currently estimated to be over 7.6 billion people, with an estimated global population growth rate of 1.05% per year.

Factors Affecting Population

There are a number of factors that can affect population growth, including birth and death rates, migration, and economic development. Birth and death rates are determined by both environmental and cultural factors, while migration is often driven by economic conditions. Economic development is also an important factor in population growth, as it can create new opportunities for people to move to and settle in new areas.

Impact of Population Growth

Population growth can have both positive and negative impacts on the environment and society. On one hand, population growth can lead to increased economic activity, as more people create more demand for goods and services. However, population growth can also lead to overcrowding, resource scarcity, and environmental degradation.

Population Management

Population management is an important tool for addressing the impacts of population growth. Population management strategies can include reducing birth rates, encouraging migration, and improving access to reproductive health services. These strategies can help to ensure that population growth is managed in a sustainable manner.

Population of India

India is the second-most populous country in the world, with a population of over 1.40 billion people. India is the world’s most populous democracy, and it is projected to be the world’s most populous country by 2024. India’s population is growing at an average rate of 1.2% per year, and it is expected to reach 1.5 billion by 2030. As of 2020, India is home to 17.7% of the world’s population.

India is the world’s second-largest country by land area, covering an area of 3.2 million square kilometers. India is a diverse nation, with an ethnic and linguistic diversity that is unmatched by any other country in the world. There are over 1,600 languages spoken in India, and more than 800 million people belong to a variety of different religions.

India’s population is young, with about half of its population under 25 years old. India also has a large number of migrants, with about 10 million people migrating to India from other countries every year. India is one of the most urbanized countries in the world, with more than 35% of its population living in cities.


Population is an important factor in determining the size and development of a country’s economy. Population growth can have both positive and negative impacts on the environment and society, and population management strategies are essential for addressing these impacts. By understanding the factors that affect population growth, and implementing effective population management policies, countries can ensure that population growth is managed in a sustainable manner.

I hope the above-provided essay on Population will be helpful to you in understanding the effect and impact of population on a nation or on the whole planet.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Population

Q.1 What is the current world population?

Ans. As of July 2021, the world population is estimated to be 7.88 billion people.

Q.2 What is the population of the China?

Ans. As of July 2021, China’s population is about 141.24 Cr.

Q.3 How does population affect the economy?

Ans. Population growth can have a positive or negative impact on the economy. It can lead to increased demand for goods and services, which in turn can create more jobs and increase economic growth.

Q.4 What factors influence population growth?

Ans. Population growth is affected by a number of factors, including birth rate, death rate, migration, and access to resources.

Q.5 What is population density?

Ans. Population density is a measure of the number of people living in an area per square kilometer. It is used to measure population concentration in certain areas and can help to identify areas of overcrowding.