Essay on Pollution

The presence of harmful and poisonous substances in the environment is referred to as pollution. Earlier when we looked around us, we are likely to see greenery everywhere. We can see the pure air blowing, the freshwater flowing in the seas, the green trees blooming, and so on. But today, when we see our surroundings, it looks totally different. Everywhere there is pollution. 

Today, pollution is getting a much bigger topic of concern that everyone including children is well aware of it. Therefore, today we will discuss pollution in detail.

Short and Long Pollution Essay in English

Here, I’m presenting long and short essays on pollution in English for students under words limit of 100 - 150 Words, 200 - 250 words and 500 - 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided pollution essays will help you to write effective essays, paragraphs, and speeches on pollution.

Pollution Essay 10 Lines (100 - 150 Words)

1) Pollution is the release of dangerous substances into the environment.

2) Pollution is hazardous for humans, animals, as well as nature.

3) It can cause a variety of ailments and even death.

4) Air pollution, water pollution, and soil pollution are some of their types.

5) People should use public transportation or carpool to reduce air pollution.

6) Proper waste disposal and management would be a great help to fight pollution.

7) Pollution can also be controlled by reducing and recycling plastic waste.

8) Minimizing the use of chemical fertilizer will help in controlling soil pollution.

9) People should be encouraged to plant more and more trees.

10) We need to control pollution to live happily on Earth.

Short Essay on Pollution (250 - 300 Words)

When harmful things are put into the environment, it is called pollution. Pollutants are the name for these dangerous and toxic substances. It can have adverse effects on all the living organisms on Earth. Pollution can be caused by natural means or by humans. However, most of the time, it is human that is to be blamed.

Pollution has a big impact on the way people live. Pollution can negatively affect the balance of the ecosystem. Global warming, acid rain, disturbed rainfall, unwanted climate change, etc are some of its consequences. As a result of increasing pollution, human beings are at risk for a variety of diseases, including asthma, cholera, cancer, and several others.

Air pollution, soil pollution, and water pollution are the three major types of pollution. When pollutants get mixed with air making it poisonous, it is termed as air pollution. The disposal of waste and toxic substances into the water makes it dirty and harmful to use. This results in water pollution. Soil pollution refers to the mixture of chemicals in the soil. This results in turning soil barren and infertile.

To cut down on pollution, each of us must do our part. We can control pollution by planting more trees and reducing the use of plastic. Recycling is another important thing to do to stop pollution. In the past few years, pollution has been getting worse all over the world, and it is our job to save the Earth. Pollution can negatively affects the natural resources that people need to live in a healthy way. Therefore, reducing pollution is important for our healthy survival.

Long Essay on Pollution (500 Words)


Pollution occurs when there are excessive amounts of unwanted, unclean, or harmful substances in the environment. Pollution can have bad effects on the environment and lead to big problems. Volcanoes, earthquakes, industrial waste, insecticides, and so on are some of the natural and man-made sources of pollution.

Types of Pollution

There are three primary types of pollution:

Air pollution: Air pollution can come from both human and natural causes. The main cause of air pollution is the mixing of gases in our environment, which is caused by smoke from factories, cars, fireworks, burning of agricultural wastes, etc. Because of bad air quality, may cause many diseases, including asthma and cancer.

Water pollution: Contamination of water bodies, like oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, aquifers, and groundwater, is called water pollution. These toxic substances can include chemical fertilizer, industrial waste, sewage and wastewater, mining activities, marine dumping, etc. Water pollution kills a lot of people every year through diseases like diarrhea, jaundice, typhoid, etc.

Soil pollution: Soil pollution occurs when there are a lot of harmful chemicals in the soil. Most soil pollution comes from industrial activity, chemicals used in farming, or improper waste disposal. Soil pollution can happen either because of things people do or because of things that happen naturally.

Effects of Pollution

Due to pollution, almost everything gets worse, from the air we breathe to the water we drink. Water and air are the essential components of life, without which no one could stay alive. Pollution in the air, water, and soil is making people sick with different kinds of diseases. It can damage nature, people, and animals. Pollution is also the major cause of bad climate change and low rainfall.

Global warming, acid rain, etc are some of its consequences. Some of the most noticeable results of pollution are the depletion of natural resources and the destruction of habitats.

What can be Done?

There are many steps which can be followed to control the growing pollution. The foremost thing is that we should tell everyone to grow more trees, which will take in the harmful gases and clean the air. We need to start doing the 3Rs, which are Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle if we want to protect our beautiful planet from pollution.

We should be careful not to dump harmful chemicals into rivers because it is the major source to get drinking water. We can also choose to take public transportation or ride in a carpool instead of choosing an individual vehicle. Minimizing the use of loudspeakers, horns, fireworks, etc will also help in controlling pollution.


Not only humans, but pollution is also taking the lives of innocent animals too. Therefore, it is high time that we should join our hands together and start fighting against pollution. When talking about pollution in the whole world, you should always keep in mind that every small step will lead to a bigger change one day.

I hope the above provided essays on pollution will be helpful in understanding the effect, causes, and measures to prevent it.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Pollution

Q.1 What initiatives are taken to control pollution in India?

Ans. In an effort to address air pollution across the entire country, the Indian government started the National Clean Air Program (NCAP) at the start of 2019.

Q.2 What is the rank of India in terms of pollution?

Ans. As of 2022, India ranks fifth in terms of pollution.

Q.3 Who is responsible for monitoring pollution in India?

Ans. The CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) is responsible for monitoring pollution in India.

Q.4 What is AQI?

Ans. AQI stands for Air Quality Index. Using an air quality index, governments inform the public about the existing and future levels of air pollution.