Essay on Indira Gandhi

India is a democratic country that is ruled by a leader chosen by the people of the country. Since its independence, India was served by many prime ministers. Many of them set a good example in the country as well as in the world. The third prime minister and the first women prime minister of India who evolved as the strongest ruler was Indira Gandhi. She has contributed a lot to democratic India. Therefore, today we will discuss Indira Gandhi in detail.

Short and Long Indira Gandhi Essay in English

Here, we are presenting long and short essays on Indira Gandhi in English for students under word limits of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays on Indira Gandhi will help you to write effective essays, paragraphs, and speeches on this topic.

National Integration Day (Indira Gandhi Birth Anniversary) Quick Picture Drawing

Indira Gandhi Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Indira Gandhi served as the 3rd Prime Minister of India.

2) She was born to Kamala and Jawaharlal Nehru.

3) Her full name was Indira Priyadarshini, but everyone called her “Indu”.

4) Indira Gandhi was a strong and brave woman.

5) Indira Ji’s path to politics was not an easy one.

6) She faced many struggles as people thought that a woman couldn’t lead men.

7) During the war with Pakistan in 1971 AD, she led the country very well.

8) Indira Ji’s two bodyguards, Satwant Singh and Beant Singh killed her.

9) It was October 31, 1984, when we lost this gem at the age of 62.

10) The people of the country still admire her for her work and contribution.

Short Essay on Indira Gandhi (250 – 300 Words)


Indira Gandhi was one of India’s strong women, and with her power, she did a lot of amazing things. She was born in Uttar Pradesh on 19 November 1917 to Jawaharlal and Kamala Nehru. Indira Gandhi comes from a family with a strong background in politics.

A Look at Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi was prime minister of India from January 1966 to March 1977 and again from January 1980 until her death. This makes her the second longest-serving Indian prime minister after her father (Jawaharlal Nehru). When she came to politics, she had to deal with a lot of bias because gender stereotypes were still common at the time in India. She was a key figure in the Indian National Congress.

Contributions of Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi contributed a lot to India. She made a lot of changes, including a strict program to limit the number of people. In 1971, she sent Indian troops against Pakistan to help East Bengal break away. In 1975, she was found guilty of breaking election laws, so she declared a state of emergency and passed a lot of laws that limited people’s freedoms. The Simla Agreement was signed by her. India did its first nuclear test while she was in charge. The problem of terrorism in Punjab was solved by her.


On October 31, 1984, Indira Ji was shot dead by her two bodyguards Satwant Singh and Beant Singh. She has made a name for herself in the world of politics because of her hard work. As Prime Minister of India, she was a woman who made history.

Long Essay on Indira Gandhi (500 Words)


Indira Gandhi was an inspiring woman in India. Because of her work, millions of people consider her a role model. She had been a true patriot since she was a child and eagerly fought for the freedom of the country. Her journey has had its own challenges, but she has handled them all with a lot of courage.

Early Life of Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi was born at Anand Bhawan in Uttar Pradesh on November 19, 1917, Monday. She was born into the family of Jawaharlal Nehru and Kamala Nehru. Her family influenced and inspired her, and she went on to rise to power in India and become the Prime Minister of India. Even though neither of their families liked it, she married Feroze Gandhi in 1942. They had two sons; their names were Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi.

Education and Politics

Indira Gandhi went to school in many places because her parents moved around a lot. She only went to elementary school in Allahabad. She also studied many different things at Oxford and Shanti Niketan. In 1964, the year her father died, she was chosen to be the Minister of Information and Broadcasting.

Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second Prime Minister of India, died suddenly on January 24, 1966, and Mrs. Indira Gandhi became the third and first woman Prime Minister of India. Her time as prime minister can be split into two parts. During her second term, she had to deal with a lot more problems.

Indira Gandhi: The Leader

Indira Gandhi was a great leader. Three times in a row, she was named Prime Minister of the country. She was treated badly because of her gender by both her own people and other people. She was also the president of the Indian National Congress, a major political group.

From 1975 to 1977, Indira declared a state of emergency. India’s whole political system improved and came together while she was in charge. Indira Gandhi had to deal with a lot of anger and criticism over things like the 1984 Sikh riot and the 1984 Emergency.

Death of Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi was killed on Wednesday, October 31, 1984. The whole world was shocked. At the age of 62, Satwant Singh and Beant Singh, two of her Sikh bodyguards, killed her. She was taken to the hospital quickly, but she died on the way. She was assassinated in response to the attack she commanded on the Golden Temple to get rid of the terrorists. This made the Sikhs angrier.


Indira Gandhi made a big difference in India. She is a symbol of feminism in India. Indira Gandhi cared a lot about the welfare of rural people, and because of her hard work, India’s poverty, food production, and literacy rate all went up by a lot. She was a great leader with a great personality. She has been and will continue to be a great source of inspiration for a lot of people.

I hope the above provided essay on Indira Gandhi will be helpful in understanding different aspects of her life as well as her contributions.

National Integration/Rashtriya Ekikaran Pencil Art

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Indira Gandhi

Q.1  Who is known as the Iron Lady of India?

Ans. Indira Gandhi, the former prime minister of India is known as the “Iron Lady of India”.

Q.2 Who imposed an emergency in India?

Ans. Emergency in India was imposed by Indira Gandhi.

Q.3 When did Feroze Gandhi die?

Ans. On 8 September 1960, Feroze Gandhi died due to a heart attack.

Q.4 What is Indira Gandhi Award?

Ans. Indira Gandhi Award is given for peace and development by the Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust.